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C O U R S E D E S C R I P T I O N Idaho Adventure for 14 and 15 Year Olds 28 days Features Of This Course ã For students 14 and 15 years old ã Beartooth Mountains, Montana ã Approximate number of miles hiked: 80 ã Combination of on- and off-trail hiking ã Forest and alpine travel ã Average pack weight : 50-55 pounds ã 26 days in the field, 4 ration periods ã Peak ascents ã Average number of trout caught per course: 112 ã Elevations of 7,000’ - 12,000’ ã Opportunities for top-rope
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  ADI.CD.04 10/27/03© 2004 National Outdoor Leadership School1  C O U R S E D E S C R I P T I O N Idaho Adventure for 14 and 15 Year Olds28 days Features Of This Course ã For students 14 and 15 years oldã Beartooth Mountains, Montanaã Average number of trout caught percourse: 112ã Approximate number of miles hiked: 80ã Elevations of 7,000’ - 12,000’ã Combination of on- and off-trail hikingã Forest and alpine travelã Opportunities for top-rope climbingã Average pack weight : 50-55 poundsã Typical Male/Female ratio: 70/30ã 26 days in the field, 4 ration periodsã Peak ascentsã Average Group Size: 12 Students / 3Instructors The Expedition This backpacking course for 14 and 15 year olds travels in the Beartooth Mountains of Montana. The Beartooths are part of the vast Absaroka-Beartooth Wilderness, home tomountain goats, moose, elk, mule deer and grizzly bear. Once the realm of the Crow Indians andfamed mountain men, this range provides a wonderful setting for learning wilderness skills. TheBeartooths are the highest range in Montana, with Granite Peak reaching to 12,799 feet. Theplentiful peaks and high plateaus are punctuated by hundreds of small lakes. Ascending arugged peak, fishing for trout, rock climbing on the granite faces and moving through fields of alpine wildflowers are but a few of the rewards for carrying your backpack up to the higherelevations. You'll also spend time below treeline in dense forests of Englemann spruce andsubalpine fir. You’ll work hard hiking over rocky, steep terrain with all of your gear on your back, but you'll play hard as well. And you'll learn the skills you need to travel through themountains long after the end of your expedition.The pace of the course is slow in the beginning. So you'll have plenty of time to get used to yourpack, the elevation, and all the new skills you’ll be learning. We'll start with the basics—theessentials of backcountry living like camping, cooking, sanitation, stove use, map reading and Leave No Trace techniques. Later we'll move into more advanced topics: compass use, spin or flyfishing technique, basic mountaineering, group dynamics, and leadership. You may even findyourself talking about constellations and astronomy as you lay out under a sky crowded withstars.You’ll live with two or three other students in a “cook” group during the course. These smallgroups help you disperse your impacts on the land and enable you to master the art of  backcountry cooking and living. You’ll get lots of coaching from your instructors while you learnthese new skills. Before you know it, you'll be savoring homemade pizza and cinnamonrolls—gourmet delicacies that you made from scratch on a single-burner stove.You'll also travel in small groups, usually of four to six. Initially, these groups will include aninstructor, but later—once you know the intricacies of map-reading, route finding, and hazardevaluation— students often travel on their own. NOLS courses are designed for you to learnthrough experience. Your instructors are there to train, supervise, and provide feedback andadvice, but ultimately, what you learn depends on what you practice.Group dynamics and leadership will also be an important part of the course curriculum. You’lllearn how to live and work closely with your course mates while you travel through themountains. Bringing a tolerance for adversity and uncertainty, respect for other members, and awillingness to work hard will be critical to success. As your group gains leadership skills andexperience working together, you can expect your instructors to give you more responsibility forleading yourself and your peers.  ADI.CD.04 10/27/03© 2004 National Outdoor Leadership School2 These courses have a high instructor/student ratio to provide a substantial amount of personalattention and supervision. You should expect ongoing verbal coaching and feedback throughoutthe course, with written performance summaries at the end. Student Independence On all NOLS courses students will be independent (unaccompanied by instructors) at varioustimes. This will include time in and around camp such as while cooking or performing campchores. Instructors may allow students to travel away from camp. Students often haveindependent unsupervised time, usually in town, before and after their course starts. Independent Student Group Travel An emphasis of this course is the development of skills that permit you to be self-sufficient inremote backcountry areas. Our teaching progression for accomplishing this is carefully plannedand executed. Initially travel groups, usually of four to six students, will include an instructorwho will teach travel skills and leadership. Gradually, as you gain proficiency, the instructorwill allow you to take on more responsibility and make more of the decisions. When you havedemonstrated the necessary competency to the instructors, you may travel in student-ledgroups without instructors for a day at a time as you hike from camp to camp. We call thisdaily independent student travel and it is an effective educational tool. It allows you to practicetravel skills and leadership and gives you responsibility for the outcome while still havingindirect supervision by instructors and the benefit of the NOLS support systems.This course may culminate in a Student Expedition. After successful practice with dailyindependent student travel and if your instructors think  your group is ready, the instructors willhelp you divide into student expedition groups (usually three to six students each). Withinstructor oversight, each group will then select a leader and carefully plan and execute a multiday independent student led expedition. This part of the course builds on the skills you'velearned and practiced and allows you to travel without instructors for up to four days.Students are aware of where the instructors and the other student groups are planning to traveland camp. The instructors with emergency communication capability may be up to 24 hoursaway from the students. Our students often say the student expedition was the highlight of their course.  Weather and Other Challenges Mountain weather is capricious. On any given day, temperatures may range from below freezingto sweltering. Afternoon thunderstorms are common and can be quite violent. Courses mayexperience snow and rain, or long stretches of sun and blue skies.Travel in the mountains can be tough. Often you’ll be off-trail bushwhacking through thick forests or hiking on trails muddy from snowmelt. Rivers are icy and can be hard or impossibleto cross. You'll traverse steep slopes of snow, loose rock or grass, and grunt up high mountainpasses. There will be times when you will wish you were somewhere else, but the hard work isworth it! There’s nothing quite like taking your pack off at the top of a pass, feeling the winddry the sweat off your back, and looking down at miles of new country opening up before you.It’s exhilarating!Camping may involve dealing with swarms of mosquitoes or hanging your food to keep it awayfrom bears or other animals. You’ll be miles from the amenities of civilization. Telephones,ambulances, and hospitals may be several days away.Idaho, Montana and Wyoming are states with bears—black and grizzly. On all courses, traveland camping practices will emphasize bear safety and awareness. Depending on your specificlocale, your course may be in territory that demands rigorous practices on a daily basis. Someexamples are making noise while traveling, never leaving food in tents and always traveling in agroup of four or more.  ADI.CD.04 10/27/03© 2004 National Outdoor Leadership School3 Identifying and managing mountain hazards—falling rock, weather, animals, moving water andsteep terrain—will be a constant theme in our instruction. Managing risks and assumingresponsibility for yourself and your peers will help make your expedition in these wild and beautiful mountains healthy and fun. As a result of the course, we expect our students to be safe, competent, responsiblewilderness travelers and leaders.  Adventure Course Objectives Each course is unique, due to variables such as route, group dynamics, fitness levels andenvironmental conditions. Working with these variables, it is our intent to accomplish thefollowing outcomes. Safety and Judgment  NOLS teaches wilderness users to practice responsible habits that promote the health andsafety of self and others. Each student is expected to:ã demonstrate knowledge of the hazards in a mountain environment, e.g., rockfall, weather,river crossings, etc.ã consistently perform appropriate techniques to reduce or avoid hazardsã demonstrate first aid skills necessary to support a patient until help arrivesã demonstrate the ability to develop an emergency plan for a group in the outdoorsã display sound judgment and an awareness of group and self limits Leadership and Expedition Behavior Students are exposed to theory and practice of outdoor leadership, teamwork and expedition behavior. At NOLS, expedition behavior involves commitment to the group, a positive attitudeand cooperation to achieve goals. Each student is expected to:ã actively participate in the decision-making processã take responsibility for health and safety of self and othersã demonstrate sound expedition behavior, including commitment to group decisions and apositive attitudeã effectively communicate and problem solve on interpersonal and group levelsã show initiative in leadership/teaching roles with peersã employ leadership styles appropriate to the situation; support others in the leadership roleã work effectively as a team memberã take responsibility for learning; set and attain personal goalsã assist in planning and participate in a student-led, multi-day small group expedition Outdoor Skills At NOLS, our students learn to live and travel in the wilderness within a framework of personal safety and care of the environment. Each student is expected to:ã dress appropriately for a variety of conditions; be punctual and organizedã cook nutritious meals using a camp stove or fireã demonstrate appropriate campsite selection and shelter set-upã travel efficiently in mountainous terrain using map and/or compass skillsã utilize off-trail navigation and route-finding techniques to mitigate hazardsã move through technical terrain with strength and agility Environmental Studies At NOLS, environmental studies encompasses natural sciences, ecological principles,environmental ethics, Leave No Trace camping, land management and cultural issues. Eachstudent is expected to:ã show an understanding, appreciation, and respect for the natural world; knowcharacteristic flora and fauna of the area; understand significant ecological principlesã develop a sense of place and relationship to the land, recognition of the inherent value inwilderness and sense of responsibility to protect the environment  ADI.CD.04 10/27/03© 2004 National Outdoor Leadership School4 ã consistently perform sound Leave No Trace living and travel skills; be able to extrapolateknowledge to new environmentsã demonstrate a knowledge of public land management and discuss means to be involved inissues of interestã demonstrate awareness and understanding of current and historic local cultures
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