Cluj-Napoca Piarists' Church

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Cluj-Napoca Piarists' Church
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  Main façade, lateral view.Main façade, frontal view.The church’s interior. Cluj-Napoca Piarists' Church From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia The Piarist Church  (Romanian:  Biserica Piariștilor  , also known asthe Jesuit Church  (  Biserica Iezuiților  ) or the University Church (  Biserica Universității );Hungarian:  piarista templom ), located at 5 Str. Universității, Cluj-Napoca,Romania, and dedicated to theHolyTrinity, was the firstRoman Catholic church built inTransylvaniaafter theProtestant Reformation, as well as the province’s firstBaroque church building. Among the city’s more notable edifices, itserved as a prototype for numerous other churches in Transylvania.It features a strong contrast between the sober exterior and a verywell-decorated, almost exuberant interior. Astatue of the VirginMary stood in front of the church until 1959, when theCommunistauthorities moved it to another part of the city. History On 13 March 1718,Jesuit priests began a fundraising campaign inorder to build the church. Bishop Georgius Martonfi laid thecornerstone; the church was completed in 1724 and consecrated thefollowing year by Bishop Joannes Antalfi. The Jesuits weresuppressed in 1773 byPope Clement XIV, so in 1776 EmpressMariaTheresa transferred the church to thePiarists.The church was restored in 1775, 1831, 1943, 1970 and 2005-6.On 12 August 1956, priests and some 5,000 lay members of theRomanian Greek-Catholic Church (who appeared on very shortnotice) organised a protest before the church. Its purpose was todemonstrate that their church, banned in 1948, had not ceased toexist, as the regime claimed. Initially they attempted to enter thechurch and hold mass, but the Roman Catholic priests did not allowthem inside for fear of reprisals. Thus an open-air mass was held infront of the church; Fr.Vasile Chindriș in his sermon openlycriticised the Communist leadership before masses of worshipers.Every priest who officiated at the liturgy was later arrested andimprisoned. Among the lay persons punished was Vasile Fărcaș, president of the Cluj Tribunal in theinterwar period, who servednearly 8 years of a ten-year sentence, and his wife Eugenia. Description The church has two clock towers, each 45 m high. There are threenarrow vertical windows above the entrance, meant to helpilluminate the interior. The main door is surrounded by richornamentation; above it there is abas-relief of the Trinity with theLatin inscription  Honori Sanctissimae Trinitatis  ( In Honour of theMost Holy Trinity ). There are two smaller doors to the left and theright of this one; above each of them is a sculpture of a saint restingin a niche –Ignatius of Loyola andFrancis Xavier, works of the Coordinates:46.767814°N 23.590399°E Cluj-Napoca Piarists’ Church - Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cluj-Napoca_Piarists’_Church1 de 206/01/2017 23:01  Bavarian artist Johannes König. Previously, statues of saintsJohn of Nepomuk andAloysius Gonzaga, also by König, stood near the side entrances.In contrast to the simple exterior, the interior is lavishly ornamented. The building has a singlenave, 45 mlong and 24 m high. There are three chapels on the sides, each with its own altar and adorned with several paintings. On the walls are to be found the devotional plaques common to Roman Catholic churches, writtenin Transylvania’s main historical languages: Romanian, Hungarian, German and Latin.The main altar near thechoir is grandiose. On the upper part is the Latin inscription  Magno Deo uni ac trinolaus virtus gloria  ( To the one and triune great God praise, honour and glory ), between two angels. Thealtar is dedicated to the Trinity. Upon it rests anicon of theVirgin Mary, painted on wood and framed inmetal; a number of people reported that it shed tears over a two-week period in 1699. This may be thesrcinal wonder-working icon fromNicula. Below it are two statues of Jesuit saints, Francis and Ignatius, brought fromVienna in 1726.Thepulpit, the work of Anton Schuchbauer, is decorated on the outside with relief carvings of theFour Evangelists, and in between the pulpit and its crown there is a bas-relief with the most important Jesuitsaints.Saint Michael is depicted on the pulpit’s crown.Underneath the church building there is a crypt with 140 graves. References Lukács József (2005).  Povestea orașului-comoară. Scurtă istorie a Clujului și monumentelor sale .Cluj-Napoca: Apostrof.ISBN973-9279-74-0.Gheorghe Bodea (2002). Clujul vechi și nou . Cluj-Napoca: ProfImage.ISBN973-0-02539-8. Cluj-Napoca = Claudiopolis . Bucharest: Noi Media Print. 2004. Cluj-Napoca - Ghid  . Sedona. 2002.Dorin Alicu; Ion Ciupea; Mihai Cojocneanu; Eugenia Glodariu; Ioana Hica; Petre Iambor; GheorgheLazarov (1995). Cluj-Napoca, de la începuturi până azi . Cluj-Napoca: Clusium.ISBN973-7924-05-3.Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cluj-Napoca_Piarists%27_Church&oldid=746612660 Categories:Churches in Cluj-NapocaRoman Catholic churches in RomaniaPiarist Order Roman Catholic churches completed in 172418th-century Roman Catholic church buildingsBaroque architecture in RomaniaBaroque churches in Romania1724 establishments in HungaryThis page was last modified on 28 October 2016, at 13:26.Text is available under theCreative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms mayapply. By using this site, you agree to theTerms of Use andPrivacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registeredtrademark of theWikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization. Cluj-Napoca Piarists’ Church - Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cluj-Napoca_Piarists’_Church2 de 206/01/2017 23:01
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