CULTURAL RESOURCE ASSESSMENT SURVEY FOR THE BECKER ROAD/I-95 INTERCHANGE RAMPS PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENT (PD&E) STUDY, CITY OF PORT ST. LUCIE, ST. LUCIE COUNTY, FLORIDA

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CULTURAL RESOURCE ASSESSMENT SURVEY FOR THE BECKER ROAD/I-95 INTERCHANGE RAMPS PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENT (PD&E) STUDY, CITY OF PORT ST. LUCIE, ST. LUCIE COUNTY, FLORIDA
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   CULTURAL RESOURCE ASSESSMENT SURVEY FOR THE BECKER ROAD/I-95 INTERCHANGE RAMPS PROJECT DEVELOPMENT AND ENVIRONMENT (PD&E) STUDY, CITY OF PORT ST. LUCIE, ST. LUCIE COUNTY, FLORIDA  Prepared on behalf of: City of Port St. Lucie By: Archaeological Consultants, Inc. 8110 Blaikie Court, Suite A Sarasota, Florida 34240 In association with: Keith & Schnars 385 Center Pointe Circle, Suite 1303 Altamonte Springs, Florida 32701 Joan Deming – Project Manager Jodi B. Pracht - Project Archaeologist Aimee Ross – Architectural Historian Nelson Rodriguez– Archaeologist October 2005 Revised March 2006  P05038/October 2005   i   EXECUTIVE SUMMARY   A cultural resource assessment survey (CRAS) of the Becker Road/I-95 Interchange Ramps Project Development and Environment (PD&E) Study in the City of Port St. Lucie, St. Lucie County was performed by Archaeological Consultants, Inc. (ACI) in June 2005. The purpose of the CRAS was to locate and identify any archaeological sites and historic resources within the project area of potential effect (APE) and to assess their significance in terms of eligibility for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). Findings Background research and a review of the Florida Master Site File (FMSF) indicated that no archaeological sites or historic resources were recorded previously within or adjacent to the project APE. As a result of archaeological and historical/architectural field surveys, no new sites were discovered. Therefore, the proposed project will have no effect on any significant cultural resources, including archaeological sites and historic resources, which are listed, determined eligible, or considered potentially eligible for listing in the NRHP. No further work is recommended.  P05038/October 2005   ii   TABLE OF CONTENTS Page EXECUTIVE SUMMARY  i LIST OF FIGURES, TABLES, AND PHOTOGRAPHS  iii 1.0   INTRODUCTION..............................................................................................1-1  1.1 Project Need.............................................................................................1-1 1.2 Project Description...................................................................................1-4 1.3 Area of Potential Effect (APE)................................................................1-5 2.0   ENVIRONMENTAL SETTING......................................................................2-1  2.1 Physical Environment..............................................................................2-1 2.2 Paleo-Environmental Considerations.......................................................2-4 3.0   PREHISTORIC REVIEW................................................................................3-1  3.1 Paleo-Indian Stage...................................................................................3-1 3.2 Archaic Stage...........................................................................................3-3 3.3 Transitional..............................................................................................3-4 3.4 Formative: East Okeechobee I – IV/ Malabar I and II.............................3-5 4.0   HISTORICAL OVERVIEW............................................................................4-1   5.0   RESEARCH CONSIDERATIONS AND METHODS...................................5-1  5.1 Background Research and Literature Review..........................................5-1 5.1.1 Archaeological Considerations....................................................5-1 5.1.2 Historical/Architectural Considerations.......................................5-2 5.2 Field Methodology...................................................................................5-2 5.3 Laboratory Methods/Curation..................................................................5-2 5.4 Unexpected Discoveries...........................................................................5-3 6.0   SURVEY RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS..................................................6-1  6.1 Archaeological Survey Results................................................................6-1 6.2 Historical/Architectural Survey Results..................................................6-1 6.3 Conclusions..............................................................................................6-3 7.0   REFERENCES CITED.....................................................................................7-1   APPENDIX : Survey Log Sheet    P05038/October 2005   iii   LIST OF FIGURES, TABLES AND PHOTOGRAPHS Page Figure Figure 1.1. Location of the Becker Road/I-95 Interchange Ramps PD&E Study Project...........................................................................................................1-2 Figure 2.1. Environmental Setting of the Becker Road/I-95 Interchange Ramps PD&E Study Project.....................................................................................2-2 Figure 3.1. Florida Archaeological Regions...................................................................3-2 Figure 6.1 Approximate Location of Shovel Tests Within the Becker Road/I-95 Interchange Ramps Project Area..................................................................6-2 Photo Photo 2.1. Looking East Down Becker Road from the East Shoulder of I-95...............2-3 Photo 2.2. Looking Northwest Toward Citrus Grove.....................................................2-3 Photo 2.3. Looking North Toward Retention Pond........................................................2-4 Photo 6.1. Looking west at the C-23 Canal....................................................................6-1  1-1 P05038/October 2005 1.0   INTRODUCTION The City of Port St. Lucie (City) is conducting the Becker Road / I-95 Interchange Project Development and Environment (PD&E) Study to evaluate new interchange ramps at Becker Road and Interstate 95 (I-95) just north of the St. Lucie/Martin County line, as shown in Figure 1.1. The proposed interchange is located in both St. Lucie and Martin Counties with the majority of the interchange located in St. Lucie County immediately north of both the South Florida Water Management District (SFWMD) C-23 Canal and the County line. This Cultural Resource Assessment Survey (CRAS) is part of the PD&E Study. The purpose of the CRAS was to locate and identify any prehistoric and historic period archaeological sites and historic structures located within and adjacent to the preferred alternative, and to assess their significance in terms of the criteria of eligibility for listing in the National Register of Historic Places (NRHP). The archaeological and historical/architectural surveys were conducted in June 2005. Field surveys were preceded by background research. Such work served to provide an informed set of expectations concerning the kinds of cultural resources, which might be anticipated to occur within the project area of potential effect (APE), as well as a basis for evaluating any new sites discovered. This survey complies with Section 106 of the  National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (Public Law 89-655, as amended), as implemented by 36 CFR 800 ( Protection of  Historic Properties , revised January 2001), and Chapter 267, Florida Statutes . All work was carried out in conformity with Part 2, Chapter 12 (Archaeological and Historical Resources) of the Florida Department of Transportation’s Project Development and  Environment Manual  (January 1999 revision) and the standards contained in “The Historic Preservation Compliance Review Program of the Florida Department of State, Division of Historical Resources” manual (revised November 1990). This report meets the completeness and sufficiency requirements of Chapter 1A-46, Florida Administrative Code . 1.1   Project Need The City’s population has grown rapidly from 14,700 in 1980 to over 130,000 in 2005, with a projected increase to approximately 313,000 by 2030, including areas both east and west of I-95. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the City of Port St. Lucie is the nation’s fastest growing city among those with more than 100,000 people for the period from 2003 to 2004. As a result, the City currently issues over 650 single-family building permits a month, due primarily from the build-out of the 80,000 vested platted residential lots srcinally designed by General Development Corporation in the 1960s east of I-95. In addition to the build-out of these platted residential areas east of I-95, eight approved/proposed Developments of Regional Impact (DRI) west of I-95 are anticipated
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