Dublin, May 20 14

of 29

Please download to get full document.

View again

All materials on our website are shared by users. If you have any questions about copyright issues, please report us to resolve them. We are always happy to assist you.
PDF
29 pages
0 downs
3 views
Share
Description
Dublin, May 20 14. Neighbourhood Deprivation in a Changing Economic Climate The Pobal HP Deprivation Index, 1991 - 2011. The Underlying Dimensions of Social Disadvantage. Demographic Decline (predominantly rural)
Transcript
Dublin, May 2014Neighbourhood Deprivation in a Changing Economic ClimateThe Pobal HP Deprivation Index, 1991 - 2011The Underlying Dimensions of Social Disadvantage
  • Demographic Decline(predominantly rural)
  • population loss and the social and demographic effects of emigration (age dependency, low education of adult population)
  • Social Class Deprivation(applying in rural and urban areas)
  • social class composition, education, housing quality
  • Labour Market Deprivation(predominantly urban)
  • unemployment, lone parents, low skills base
  • Mapping Deprivation most disadvantagedmost affluentFrom bust to Boom and Bust AgainED-Levelabsolute Index Scores1991ED-Levelabsolute Index Scores1996ED-Levelabsolute Index Scores2002ED-Levelabsolute Index Scores2006ED-Levelabsolute Index Scores2011Comparison of Absolute Deprivation Scores, 1991-2011Affluence grew significantly throughout the country over the 15-year period from 1991 to 2006.Greatest change occurred between 1996 and 2002.Affluence grew in concentric circles around the main urban centres, demarcating the exceptional expansion of the urban commuter belts.The recession after 2006 wiped out all progress made over the preceding 15 years.ED-LevelRelativeIndex Scores1991ED-LevelRelativeIndex Scores1996ED-LevelRelativeIndex Scores2002ED-LevelRelativeIndex Scores2006ED-LevelRelativeIndex Scores2011Relative Index Scores for Small Areas (SA) 2006 Relative Index Scoresfor Small Areas (SA) 2011 Comparison of Relative Deprivation Scores, 1991-2011Despite the phenomenal growth and subsequent decline in Absolute Deprivation Scores, Relative Deprivation Scores have little changed between 1991 and 2011, representing random noise only.The most disadvantaged areas in 1991 are still the most disadvantaged in 2011 and the most affluent areas in 1991 are still the most affluent in 2011.The only exception to this general rule is Dublin Inner City, where the boom years have led to a substantial gentrification of previously disadvantaged areas.Pobal HP Deprivation Index1991 – 2011Local Authority Housing1991 – 2011(not used in Index)Neighbourhood Deprivation in a Changing Economic ClimateThe following slides contain an analysis of key socio-economic indicators of high density social housing areas over the 20-year period from 1991 to 2011.Areas are defined on the basis of their share of households in Local Authority rented housing, using 3 contrasts:Low: less than 5% in LA rented accommodationMedium: between 5% and 50% in LA rented accommodationHigh: more than 50% in LA rented accommodationElectoral Divisions with greater than 50% Local Authority Housing in 1991 (n=43)Key characteristics of Areas with Low, Medium and High Levels of Local Authority HousingPopulation Share based on Definition as Low, Medium and High Density LA Housing AreasPercentage of Households in Local Authority Housing* Based on the proportion of Low, Medium and High Density LA Housing Areas in 1991Key characteristics of Areas with Low, Medium and High Levels of Local Authority HousingAge Dependency Rate (%)Percentage of Lone Parent Families with Dependent Children* Based on the proportion of Low, Medium and High Density LA Housing Areas in 1991Key characteristics of Areas with Low, Medium and High Levels of Local Authority HousingPercentage of Adult Population with Primary Education onlyPercentage of Adult Population with Third Level Education* Based on the proportion of Low, Medium and High Density LA Housing Areas in 1991Key characteristics of Areas with Low, Medium and High Levels of Local Authority HousingPercentage of Adult Population in Higher and Lower Professional ClassesPercentage of Adult Population in Unskilled and Semi-skilled Professions* Based on the proportion of Low, Medium and High Density LA Housing Areas in 1991Key characteristics of Areas with Low, Medium and High Levels of Local Authority HousingMale Unemployment RateFemale Unemployment Rate* Based on the proportion of Low, Medium and High Density LA Housing Areas in 1991Key characteristics of Areas with Low, Medium and High Levels of Local Authority HousingAbsolute Pobal HP Deprivation IndexRelative Pobal HP Deprivation Index* Based on the proportion of Low, Medium and High Density LA Housing Areas in 1991Neighbourhood Deprivation in a Changing Economic ClimateAlthough relative deprivation has by and large not changed over a 20 year period, the deprivation of high density social housing areas appears to have significantly improved between 1991 to 2011, at least when measured at the level of Electoral Divisions (EDs).Half of the areas characterised as high density LA housing areas (with more than 50% LA housing at ED level in 1991) are situated in Dublin City.Dublin Inner City was subject to significant gentrification during the boom years in terms of the development of previously vacant sites and the in-movement of significant populations of higher socio-economic background.Analysis of Small Area data from the 2006 and 2011 Census show that the EDs of Dublin Inner City now comprise of a patchwork of highly disadvantaged and affluent neighbourhoods in close proximity, masking the continued disadvantage of social housing estates.
    Related Search
    We Need Your Support
    Thank you for visiting our website and your interest in our free products and services. We are nonprofit website to share and download documents. To the running of this website, we need your help to support us.

    Thanks to everyone for your continued support.

    No, Thanks