Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs)

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Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs) Submission Title : Technical Pre-proposal for IEEE 802.15 TG8 PAC Standard Date Submitted : May 6, 2013 Source : Byung -Jae Kwak (ETRI), Kapseok Chang (ETRI), Sunggeun Jin ( Daegu University)
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Project: IEEE P802.15 Working Group for Wireless Personal Area Networks (WPANs)Submission Title: Technical Pre-proposal for IEEE 802.15 TG8 PAC StandardDate Submitted: May 6, 2013Source:Byung-Jae Kwak (ETRI), Kapseok Chang (ETRI), Sunggeun Jin (Daegu University)Address: bjkwak@etri.re.krRe: TG8 Call for Proposal (CFP; IEEE P802.15-13-0069-05-0008) Abstract: This document presents technical proposals for IEEE 802.15. TG8 PAC standardPurpose:DiscussionNotice: This document has been prepared to assist the IEEE P802.15. It is offered as a basis for discussion and is not binding on the contributing individual(s) or organization(s). The material in this document is subject to change in form and content after further study. The contributor(s) reserve(s) the right to add, amend or withdraw material contained herein.Release:The contributor acknowledges and accepts that this contribution becomes the property of IEEE and may be made publicly available by P802.15. D2D – The time is right!
  • Advent of powerful mobile devices (smartphone, tablets, etc)
  • Growing demand for hi-fidelity wireless multimedia services
  • Saturation of core network
  • Need for new wireless services/applications
  • Technologies with similar goals:
  • FlashLinQ
  • Wi-Fi Direct
  • LTE Direct (Proximity Services; ProSe)
  • D2D – Why PAC?
  • Infrastructureless
  • Optimized PHY & MAC: No burden of legacy system
  • State of the art features
  • Fully distributed coordination
  • Discovery without association
  • Scalable data rate
  • (Relative) positioning
  • Multi-hop relay
  • Licensed/unlicensed
  • Obstacles for PAC (1/2)
  • A technology that is ahead of its time?
  • Fully distributed D2D
  • One stone, many birds: performance, scalability, security, fairness, …
  • Killer Applications,
  • that only PAC can provide
  • Competition
  • New Technologies: Wi-Fi Direct ( + 802.11ai, 802.11aq), LTE Direct, etc
  • Infrastructure of legacy technologies + Social Network Services
  • Obstacles for PAC (2/2)Wi-Fi Hot SpotsManhattanWashington DCChallenges in PAC
  • Scalability
  • Large # neighboring devices
  • Coverage extension (e.g., multi-hop relay)
  • Distributed coordination
  • Fast discovery & link connection
  • QoS (Quality of Service)
  • Performance
  • Security
  • Trailblazer: No reference to benchmark
  • PAC Architecture
  • Synchronized operation
  • Resource efficiency, protocol efficiency, power management
  • OFDM
  • Less stringent timing sync requirement
  • Random access based
  • Simple (e.g., CSMA/CA)
  • User centric
  • Intuitive
  • Minimum user intervention
  • Medium Access for PAC
  • CSMA/CA of IEEE 802.11
  • Simple
  • Reasonable performance
  • Fully distributed (cf. DCF)
  • Does not scale well beyond a few dozen devices
  • Designed for single hop wireless networks
  • Assumes “No ACK == collision”
  • Medium Access for PACN=5N=60
  • Preliminary Work
  • EIED
  • Optimization of Backoff algorithm dramatically improves CSMA/CA performance
  • Single hop wireless network assumed
  • Minimum CW = 16, maximum CW = 1024
  • BEB handle light load very well, but performance suffers when the load is heavy
  • Medium Access for PAC
  • Preliminary Work
  • Further improvement of CSMA/CA possible
  • “No ACK != collision”
  • Implement collision detection mechanism (also helps rate adaptation)
  • Discovery with Spatial Filtering for PAC
  • “Pointing” is the preferred mobile interaction technique
  • Related work: Point & Connect (PnC) by Microsoft
  • Discovery with Spatial Filtering for PACDiscovery without spatial filteringDiscovery with Spatial Filtering for PACDiscovery with spatial filteringDiscovery with Spatial Filtering for PAC
  • Benefit of spatial filtering
  • Minimize signaling overhead
  • Minimize interference
  • Faster discovery
  • Improved user experience
  • Intuitive operation
  • Minimal user intervention
  • H/W requirement
  • Transmitter: array antenna
  • Receiver: single antenna
  • A View on Distributed Synchronization
  • Necessity of distributed synchronization (DS)
  • Low duty cycling for discovery
  • High efficiency in terms of scheduling/interference management based on a channel access with common time
  • A DS approach to be proposed and its requirement
  • A physical-layer approach for fast and accurate synchronization
  • A synchronization signal design robust to frequency offset (FO) in the absence of knowledge of initial carrier FO and timing synchronization in a DS environment
  • Conclusion
  • Discussed PAC in the context of D2D
  • Comparison with other D2D technologies
  • Obstacles and challenges
  • Strategy
  • Introduced several key areas of PAC
  • With focus on basic concept and expected benefits
  • Detailed proposal on the key areas with simulation results in preparation
  • Comments are welcome
  • References[1] TG8 Call for Proposals (CFP), IEEE P802.15-13-0069-05-0008, March 2013.[2] M. Scott Corson et al., “Toward Proximity-Aware Internetworking,” IEEE Wireless Communications, December 2010, pp. 26-33.[3] http://www.wi-fi.org/discover-and-learn/wi-fi-direct[4] http://www.ieee802.org/11/Reports/tgai_update.htm[5] http://www.ieee802.org/11/Reports/tgaq_update.htm[6] 3GPP TR 22.803, “Feasibility study for Proximity Services (ProSe),” Release 12, 3GPP, 2013.[7] Nah-Oak Song et al., “Enhancement of IEEE 802.11 Distributed Coordination Function with Exponential Increase Exponential Decrease Backoff Algorithm,” VTC 2003-Spring, vol. 4, pp. 2775-2778.[8] E. Rukzio, “Physical Mobile Interaction: Mobile Devices as Pervasive Mediators for Interactions with the Real World,” PhD Thesis, University of Munich, 2006.[9] “Response to the Call for Applications: Look-and-Link Communication,” IEEE P802.15-12-0227-01-0008, May 2012.[10] “PAC Synchronous Operation,” IEEE P802.15-13-0121-00-0008, March 2013.
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