Rojo 9B

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Rojo 9B. APUNTES. Direct Object Pronouns:. Me = me nos = us Te = you os = you guys (Spain) Lo = him, it, you (male ,formal) Los = them, you guys La = her, it, you (female, formal) Las = them (female), you gals (female).
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Rojo 9BAPUNTESDirect Object Pronouns:Me = me nos = usTe = you os = you guys (Spain)Lo = him, it, you (male ,formal) Los = them, you guysLa = her, it, you (female, formal) Las = them (female), you gals (female)Direct objects show who or what receives the action of the verb. To avoid repetition, use a direct object pronoun.Ex: I am watching the game. = Yoveo el partido.I am watching it. = YoLOveo.Put the D.O. pronouns BEFORE a conjugated verb. Ex: Yolospego. = I hit them.Berguitamebesa. = Berguita kisses me.Placement rules:
  • 2. They can also be ATTACHED to an infinitive, OR they can go BEFORE the entire verb phrase when there is an infinitive.
  • Ex: I am going to hit them! =¡Yo los voy a pegar! OR ¡Voy a pegarlos!ConocerEx: We are listening to music =
  • Estamos eschuando la música.
  • They are doingtheirhomework =
  • Están haciendo su tarea.
  • (The “-ANDO” ,“-IENDO” and “-YENDO” in Spanish are like “-ING” endings
  • in English.)
  • Present ProgressivePresent ProgressiveTo say what is happening RIGHT NOW: form of estar+ present participlePresent Progressive
  • Used to say what is happening RIGHT NOW at this VERY MOMENT. Ex: Leave me alone, I am sleeping!
  • Formula :
  • 1. form of estar + 2. present participle
  • V V Ex: We are listening to music =
  • Estamos eschuando la música.
  • They are doingtheirhomework =
  • Están haciendo su tarea.
  • (The “-ANDO” ,“-IENDO” and “-YENDO” in Spanish are like “-ING” endings
  • in English.)
  • Use “-ANDO” for –ar verbs
  • “-IENDO” for –er and –ir verbs
  • “-YENDO” for verbs whose Stems end in an “E” or “I” like creer and leer
  • If this is the case, change the “i” to a “y” so that you do not have 3 vowels in a row. Ex: Leer leyendo; Traer trayendo --Estoy leyendo = I am reading.Key pregunta: ¿Quéestáshaciendoahora? = What are you doing now?For Reflexivos: (2 options)Ex.: MaquillarseI am putting on makeup. = 1) Meestoymaquillando. OR: 2) Estoymaquillándome.**************************************************“-ir” stem changers in present have a DIFFERENT stem change in theparticiple:pedir = pidiendodormir = durmiendoservir = sirviendovenir = viniendo
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