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  World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences 7 (4): 228-236, 2015ISSN 2078-4589© IDOSI Publications, 2015DOI: 10.5829/idosi.wjfms.2015.7.4.94232 Corresponding Author:  Naveed Akhtar, Department of Zoology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan (Buner Campus), Pakistan. 228 Exploring the Icthyofaunal Diversity of River Chagharzi District Buner, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan  Naveed Akhtar, Kausar Saeed, Shahroz Khan and Naseem Rafiq Department of Zoology, Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan (Buner Campus), Pakistan Abstract:  River Chagharzi is the beautiful river flowing in the area and passing through many villages andfinally falls to River Indus. A details study was conducted on the River Chagharzi in the period of April to July2014 to study the fish fauna of River Chagharzi and to find out the quality parameters of the river. During thecurrent study a total number of 7 fishes were collected belonging to 3 orders and 3 families, 7 genera and 7species. These species were  Pantius spohore, Tor putitora, Crossocheilus latius, Barilius pakistanicus,Schizothorax plagiostomus, Matacembelus armatus and  Channa gachua . The quality parameters of the river Chagharzi were checked and were found to be suitable for the survival of the fish fauna. The fish fauna of theRiver Chagharzi was rich but due to the flood occur in the July 2010 results in the endangering of some speciesi.e. Glyptothorax punjabensis . The anthropogenic activities are also is plying key role in the diminishing of thefish fauna of the area. Protective measurements are required to protect the fish fauna of the River Chagharzi. Key words:  Fish Fauna Quality Parameters River Chagharzi Buner  INTRODUCTION There are more than 186 freshwater fish speciesFishesare one of the prime important elements in theSubstantial quantities of commercially important fish areaquatic habitat and play a key role in economy of manycaught from rivers annually. The inland commerciallynations [1] as they have been a stable item in the diet ofsignificant native fish fauna comprises about 30 speciesmany people [2]. of which the economically important species are:  Labeo Fishesare one important group of vertebrates which rohita, Gibelion catla, Cirrhinus mrigala, Cirrhinus influencesthe life of human in various ways. Fishes have reba, Channa straita, Channa marulius, Sperata a rich source of food and provide a meat, several by-  sarwari, Wallago attu, Rita rita, Bagarius bagarius,  products such as fish meal, fish glue, fish oil, etc. fish diet Tenualosa ilisha, Notopterus notopterus, Nemacheilus  providesproteins, fat, vitamins A, B and D, minerals likespp.  , Tor macrolepis, Schizothorax spp . and Clupisoma Ca, Mg, P, Na, Fe, I, etc. They have good taste and are naziri  [6].easily digestible and growth promoting value.Many researchers had valuable contribution to theConsiderable studies on ichthyo fauna diversity fromfishfauna of the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Butt [7] reporteddifferent fresh water bodies of India have been carried out94species of fishes from the whole province of Khyber during the last few decades [3].Pakhtunkhwa.Fish plays an important role in the development of aThe first contribution to explore the fish fauna of nation.Besides being a cheap source of highly nutritiveriver swat was done by [8] who record 8 species of fish protein, it also contains essential nutrients required by thefrom Swat, including two new Iocohes. Two new specieshuman body [4].of fishes were added in a study by Ahmad [9]. In 1973Fishconstitutes half of the total number offour new species were recorded from the swat andvertebrates in the world. They live in almost alladjoining areas by Mirza [10]. But [7] introduced brownconceivable aquatic habitats. 21,723 living species of fishtrout ( Slamotrutta ferio ) and rainbow trouthave been recorded, out of these 8,411 are fresh water( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) in 1928 and 1973 respectively inspecies and 11,650 are marine [5].their studies.described from freshwater bodies of Pakistan.  World J. Fish & Marine Sci., 7 (4): 228-236, 2015 229In a study by akhtar at Manglawar Valley of river63543 ha, on which 15169 ha and 48374 ha were occupiedSwat, total number of 18 fishes belonging to 3 orders andbyagriculture and forests respectively. The total3 families were recorded. These species were  Barilius  population of the area comprises 66475 human including  pakistanicus, Barilius vagra, Cirrhinusmrigala, 32466 males. Elevation varies from 366 meters in south to Crossocheilus diplocheilus, Cyprinus carpio, Garra 2911 meters in North.  gotyla,Glyptothorax cavia, Glyptothoraxpunjabensis,Glyptothoraxsufii, Labeo rohita, Mastacembelus Selection of Study Area and Sampling Sites:  River  armatus, Puntius sophore, Rasboradaniconius, Chagharzi was selected the study area because it was Salmophasia bacaila, Salmophasia punjabensis, neglected for years and it was the first attempt to explore Schizothorax plagiostomus, Tor macrolepis  and Tor  the fish fauna of this river. The study was carried out in  putitora  [11].theperiod of April 2014 to July 2014. The river wasIn district Buner study on fish fauna was carried outdivided into 10 sampling points in order to have a full andinriver Barandu district Buner by Saeed and his worker,brief description of the fish fauna of each point.who reported total 11 species belonging to 3 order and 4families. These Species were  Barilius pakistanicus, Brief Description of Each Collection Point Triplophysa naziri, Tor putitora, Crossocheilus latius, Point 1:  (Shangra, 34°34'59 Nand 72°42'27 E) it is the first Schizothoraxplagiotomus, Channa gachua, Gara starting collection point. It is surrounded by Peezo,  gotyla, Glyptothorax punjabensis, Matacembelus Ramzai, Bami and Ghazi Banda. armatus, Puntius sophore and  Schistura punjabensis [12]. Point 2:  (Chalandrai, 34°33'27 N and 72°41'5 E) it is smallThe current study was conducted to explore the fishvillage of Chagharzi surrounded by Manzaro Kohai,fauna of river Chagharzi district buner KhyberShahi, Peero and Ramzai.Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. Keeping in view the facingthreats to fish fauna of district buner the current study Point 3:  (Pandair, 34°32'51 N and 72°40'20 E) is a smallwasconducted with the following aims and objectives:village surrounded by Beero, Kot Kalai, Gualono BoraiTo explore the fish fauna of river ChagharzaiTo find out the population abundance of fish fauna Point 4:  (Gumbad, 34°36'28 N and 72°38'24 E) is a smallin river Chagharzivillage selected as for the site of collection as it is hasToelucidate the threats to the fish fauna of rivergood fish fauna. It is surrounded by small towns likeChagharziGumbat, Alami banda, awanai, Pukhtano maira. MATERIALS AND METHODSPoint 5:  (Tangora, 34°35'9 N and 72°38'39 E) is a smallIntroduction to District Buner: Buner is a district ofGhazi banda.Malakand division. It consists of Tehsil Daggar, Gagra,Totalai, Chagharzi, Chamla and Gadeze. The Daggar is the Point 6:  (Karra, 34°33'9 N and 72°38'14 E) is a smallhead quarter of the district. Buner lies between 34-09 andvillage surrounded by Banj karra, Pandir, Kuz Shamnal,34-43?N latitude and 72-10 and 72-47?E longitude. It isGualono Bandai. bounded on the north by Swat District, on the west byMalakand agency, on the south by Mardan District and Point7:  (Batara, 34°32'24 N and 72°38'12 E) is a smallon the east by river Indus and Hazara division. Elevationvillage surrounded by Gualono Bandai, Mir Dara and Ukhvaries from 1200 ft in Totalai in the south to 9,550 ft ofdara.Dosara peak. Introduction to Study Area:  Chagharzi Valley, Districtvillage surrounded by Riyal, Argha, Dhelai and DewanaBuner, lies between 34°37'5 N and 72°41'15 E. It isBaba. bounded by Swat and Shangla districts in North, on West by District headquarter Daggar and historical shrine of Pir  Point 9:  (Matwanai, 34°29'12 N and 72°36'49 E) it isa baba,on South by Mardan and Swabi and on East bysmall village surrounded by Dewana Baba, Mathak andIndus River, Haripur and Mansehra. Valley occupiesGatha.and Karra.village surrounded by Belandai, Banj karra, Nago, Ramzai, Point8:  (Budal 34°29'27 N and 72°38'59 E) it is a small  World J. Fish & Marine Sci., 7 (4): 228-236, 2015 230 Point 10:  (Mujahideen, 34°26'49 N and 72°43'52 E) it isNetwork of River Chagharzi the final destination of the River Chagharzi, after this theriver meets to Rive Indus. It is surrounded by Sir Kalay,Murad Khan, Lail Dara, Chanal, Sher Ali, Bangerai andDar Band. Fish Sampling:  The collection of fishes from different points was done with the help of different nets of differentsizes, hooks, cast nets, automatic rod, gill nets, dragonnets, hook net, hand nets, pH meter (HANNA HI 8314,MembranepH meter), thermometer, measuring tape anddigital camera (Canon Power Shot A3300 IS, 16 mega pixels). The collected fishes were kept in the diluteformalin solution (10%) in order to keep the fish in srcinalfrom.The fishes were injected with diluted formalinsolution(2%). The fishes appearing same were stored inasame glass jar. The fishes were preserved and then brought to the museum of Abdul Wali Khan University(Buner Campus) and attached a label to each jar indicatingFig. 1: Network of River Chagharzithe name of locality, date and time of collection. Variousmorphometricmeasurements of fish were made by rulerThe taxanomic positions of the species are given inand vernier caliper. Other instruments used for laboratorythe Table 3.1.work are Petri dishes, surgical gloves, forceps and tissue papers, counting needles and magnifying glass. Collection of Fishes from Each Point:  During the current Identification:  Taxonomic identification and classificationorders and different families were collected from every sitewas done on the basis of morphometric characteristics upand the highest collection was made from the 9 pointto the species level. Fish species were identified by the(budal) and 10 site (Mujahideen) as it is the last part of different available keys, Mirza and Bhatti; Mirza; Talwarthe river barandu and river Chagharzi and it share most of and Jhingran [13-15].its fauna with the River Indus. The detail of the collection Water Sampling and Laboratory Analysis:  The water samples from each collection sites were collected ina Details of Fish’s Families Collected:  During the currentsmall jar and were laballed with time and site name.studymany fish species were collected belonging toMaximum space between the two collections was about 20different families. The dominant family was the familymeters. The water samples were then brought to theCyprinidae. The details of the families of fishes are givenlaboratory of Abdul Wali Khan University Mardan (Bunerin the Table 3.3.Campus). The temperature of the water of each collectionsitewas measured on the spot by the mercury Different Parameters of the Collection Points:  Currentthermometer. The other parameters of the water like pH,studywas carried out on the river Chagharzi. River river width, river depth, dissolved oxygen were alsoChagharzi cover most of area and passing through manycalculated.villages and finally falls into River Indus as shown in RESULTS river varies. The average depth and average width of theDuring the current study a total number of 7 differentof the depth and width of the each point is listed in thefish species were collected belonging to 3 orders and3Table 3.4.families, 7 genera and 7 species. These species were  Pantiusspohore, Tor putitora, Crossocheilus latius, Dominant Species in Relation to Water Parameters of   Barilius pakistanicus, Schizothorax plagiostomus, Each Collection Point:  During the current study the  Matacembelus armatus and  Channa gachua .fishes were collected from each point. In each collectionstudy the a total of 79 fish species belonging to different thth from each site is given in Table 3.2. Figure 1. By passing the way the depth and width of theriver at each collection point was calculated. The details  World J. Fish & Marine Sci., 7 (4): 228-236, 2015 231 Table 3.1: Taxonomic position of species collected during studyS.NoOrderFamilySpecies1CypriniformesCyprinidae  Pantius spohore 2CypriniformesCyprinidae Tor putitora 3CypriniformesCyprinidae Crossocheilus latius 4CypriniformesCyprinidae  Barilius pakistanicus 5CypriniformesCyprinidae Schizothorax plagiostomus 6SynbranchiformesMastacembelidae  Matacembelus armatus 7PerciformesChannidae Channa gachua Table 3.2: Showing collection of fishes from each pointS.NoPoint nameFrequencyPercentage1Shangra67.95%2Chalandrai56.32%3Pandair67.95%4Gumbad33.79%5Tangora45.06%6Karra45.06%7Batara78.86%8Budal1924.05%9Matwanai78.86%10Mujahideen1822.78%Total79100%Table 3.3: Showing the details of families of fishesS. NoFamilyFrequencyPercentage1CypriniformesCyprinidae33.33%2SynbranchiformesMastacembelidae33.33%3PerciformesChannidae33.33%Table 3.4: Showing the average depth and width of the collection sitesS. NoPoint NameLongitudeLatitudeAverage DepthAverage Width1Shangra34°34'59 N72°42'27 E0.3 Meter2.5 Meter 2Chalandrai34°33'27 N72°41'5 E0.4 Meter3.0 Meter 3Pandair34°32'51 N72°40'20 E0.4 Meter4.5 Meter 4Gumbad34°36'28 N72°38'24 E0.2 Meter3.5 Meter 5Tangora34°35'9 N72°38'39 E0.4 Meter4.2 Meter 6Karra34°33'9 N72°38'14 E0.4 Meter4.0 Meter 7Batara34°32'24 N72°38'12 E0.8 Meter4.5 Meter 8Budal34°29'27 N72°38'59 E8.5 Meter6.5 Meter 9Matwanai34°29'12 N72°36'49 E2 Meter6.3 Meter 10Mujahideen34°26'49 N72°43'52 E9 Meter6.0 Meter Table 3.5: Showing the dominancy of fish in each pointS. NoPoint NameDominant SpeciesTemppHDO1Shangra Schizothorax plagiostomus, 20°C7.210 mg/L2Chalandrai Schizothorax plagiostomus, 22°C7.110 mg/L3Pandair  Schizothorax plagiostomus 24°C7.310 mg/L4Gumbad Schizothorax plagiostomus, 21°C7.410 mg/L5Tangora Schizothorax plagiostomus 23°C7.410 mg/L6Karra Schizothorax plagiostomus 22°C7.110 mg/L7Batara Schizothorax plagiostomus, Barilius pakistanicus 26°C7.510 mg/L8Budal  Puntius sophore, Tor putitora, Matacembelus armatus, Channa gachua, Crossocheilus latius 26°C812 mg/L9Matwanai  Puntius sophore, Tor putitora, Matacembelus armatus, Channa gachua, Crossocheilus latius 30°C8.512 mg/L10Mujahideen  Matacembelus armatus, Tor putitora, Channa gachua, Crossocheilus latius 28°C7.812 mg/L
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