A Study on Dr.muthulakshmi Reddy Maternity Benefit Scheme Comparative Analysis

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  Journal of Exclusive Management Science  –   December 2016 - Vol 5 Issue 12  –   ISSN 2277-5684   1   www.aeph.in A Study on Dr.Muthulakshmi Reddy Maternity Benefit Scheme: Comparative Analysis *Dr.S.Ganesan **P.Chitra * Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Bharathidasan University,  Tiruchirappalli-620 023, Tamil Nadu. ** Ph.D. Research Scholar, Department of Economics, Bharathidasan University,  Tiruchirappalli-620 023, Tamil Nadu. Abstract India has a very large population and its rate of growth is also fast. As a result every year the addition made to the population is very large. The growth rate of population has also adversely affected the saving rate. This has happened because the fast growing number has resulted in large resources being used to meet increasing consumption needs like food, clothing, shelter, education, health facilities. India is first among the countries which adopted an official family planning programme as early for control the over population. The main objective of the present study is to analyse the socio-economic conditions of family planning adopting persons under the health scheme of Dr.Muthulakshmi Reddy Maternity Benefit Scheme in the selected areas, (Mugavanur panchayat & Manathattai panchayat) to examine the reasons for both adopted and non-adopted family planning persons under the health scheme and to analyse health care facilities in the selected areas. This study is based on both primary and secondary data. The secondary data was extracted from primary health centre in selected areas and the primary data have been collected through a structural questionnaire. A total of 112 respondents from Mugavanur panchayat in Trichirappalli District and 104 from Manathattai panchayat in Karur District have been selected. Random sampling method has been adopted in this study and statistical tool has been for analysis. From the overall analysis, it is evident that the respondents were benefited through Dr.Muthulakshmi Reddy Maternity Benefit Scheme. Around 90 per cent of the respondents did not adopt the family planning and they have an expectation of male child and having only one baby. Only 10 per cent of the respondents has availed the facility of family planning. It is concluded that more awareness has to be created among the rural people about family planning and gender equality. Introduction India has a very large population and its rate of growth is also fast. As a result every year the addition made to the population is very large. This population growth is undesirable. It obstructs faster economic growth and economic growth takes place is not fully reflected in the rising income level. India now has a population of 1.21 billion, comprising 624 million males and 587 million females. This is an increase of 181 million people since the census 2001 which is nearly equivalent to the population of Brazil. Indian population growth rate has decelerated to 17.64 percent in decade 2001-2011. According to 2011 census, the total Indian population was 121.02 crore, it overtakes China to become the most populous country on the earth with 19.4 per cent population living here. Therefore, the Indian government has introduce family planning system through some health scheme like Dr.Muthulakshmi Reddy Maternity Benefit Scheme for control the over population. India is first among the countries which adopted an official family planning programme as early. However, fifty years later this has not prevented the population touching the one billion mark. Family planning and health centres were set up in urban, semi-urban and rural areas. These centres besides educating the people about family planning also provide facilities like immunization other health services. These centres also provide various devices for birth control. Importance of Study  The population explosion has become a great problem in our country. It is clearly that India’s larger population base and its high growth rate creates serious problems. It is also clear that the only way to reduce the high growth rate is to rapidly reduce the birth rate. The information about family planning is practical use to policy makers and programme administrators for formulating policies and strategies. Training institutions have been set up to train family planning workers. Various research centres have also been set up.  Journal of Exclusive Management Science  –   December 2016 - Vol 5 Issue 12  –   ISSN 2277-5684   2   www.aeph.in Statement of the Problems  The growth rate of population has adversely affected the saving rate. This has happened because the fast growing number has resulted in larger resources being used for meeting increasing consumption needs like food, clothing, shelter, education, health facilities. It has also aggravated the problem of unemployment and poverty which is in turn has created many social and political tensions.  The existing shortages of intra structural facilities such as electricity, transport become more acute. And above all the quality of human life remains poor which is reflected in low literacy rate, low life expectancy, non-availability of drinking water to vast population, poor housing, malnutrition and high infant mortality rate. Therefore the government have been adopted various kinds of methods for reducing births. In motivating people to practice birth control methods, various types of incentives such as cash, additional increment in salary are provided through some health scheme like Dr.Muthulakshmi Reddy Maternity Benefit Scheme. This tries to analyses the real situation of Dr.Muthulakshmi Reddy Maternity Benefit Scheme in selected area. Objectives of the Study 1.    To analyse socio-economic conditions of the beneficiary under the health scheme Dr.Muthulakshmi Reddy Maternity Benefit Scheme in selected area. 2.    To analyse the availability and utilization of health care facilities in selected area. 3.    To examine the reasons for both adopted and non-adopted family planning persons under the health scheme Dr.Muthulakshmi Reddy Maternity Benefit Scheme in selected area. Methodology  This study area of Mugavanur Panchayat is in Manapparai Taluk of Tiruchirappalli District and Manathattai Panchayat is in Kulithalai Taluk of Karur District. This study is based on both primary and secondary data. For the primary data Mugavanur Panchayat and Manathattai Panchayat from  Tiruchirappalli District and Karur District have been selected respectively. Primary data have been collected through a structural questionnaire. The secondary data have been collected from the village primary health centre in Vaiyampatty block and Kulithalai block. Systematic random sampling techniques have been adopted. A sample of 216 respondents has been selected for the study. The collected data have been analyzed by using percentage methods. Results and Discussion  The informations have been collected from interview basis. This study is an attempt to the aspects relating to the successive rate of Dr.Muthulakshmi Reddy Maternity Benefit Scheme in the selected data. Age of the Respondents  Age is one of the eligibility criteria of MRMBS. Above 19 years completed woman only eligible for this scheme.  The below table reveals that majority (90.27 per cent) of the respondents were belong to the age group of 20-30 years, and (9.73 per cent) of the respondents were belong to the age group of 31-40  years. Making comparison between the both panchayats above 40 years age group of woman was not willing to pregnancy and also the violation of the rules and norms not occurring.  Journal of Exclusive Management Science  –   December 2016 - Vol 5 Issue 12  –   ISSN 2277-5684   3   www.aeph.in Table - 1 Age of the Respondent Source: Primary data Respondents’ Educational Level   On the basis of formal education, the respondents are classified as illiterate, school level and college level and presented in the following table. Table - 2   Respondents’ Educational level   Source: Primary data  The above table envisages that majority (83.8 per cent) of the respondents has school level education, and only 9.3 per cent of the respondents were has studied degree as their education status in this study area. There is no colleges nearby the villages, so most of respondents unable to get college degree. Since schools are nearby the villages, the school level education was more in this study area. Around 7 percent of the respondents were illiterate. When make the comparison take place between the two panchayats, Manathattai panchayat has registered better percentage than Mugavanur panchayat in terms of education at school level and college level and lees than in term of illiterate (0.96 per cent). It is evident from the analysis that Manathattai panchayat has well educated people and high utilization of MRMBS scheme. S. No Age Group No. of Respondents Total (%) Mugavanur (%) Manathattai (%) 1 20-30 107 (95.54) 88 (84.61) 195 (90.27) 2 31-40 05 (4.46) 16 (15.39) 21 (9.73) Total 112 (100) 104 (100) 216 (100) S. No Educational Level No. of Respondents Total (%) Mugavanur (%) Manathattai (%) 1 Illiterate 14 (12.5) 01 (0.96) 15 (7) 2 School 91 (81.3) 90 (86.54) 181 (83.8) 3 College 7 (6.2) 13 (12.5) 20 (9.2) Total 112 (100) 104 (100) 216  Journal of Exclusive Management Science  –   December 2016 - Vol 5 Issue 12  –   ISSN 2277-5684   4   www.aeph.in Respondents’ Occupations   Details of occupations of respondents are classified as agriculture, housewife, professional, business, employees and others like coolie. The classification of occupational status is presented in theTable-3.  The table reveals that more than 42 per cent of the respondents were housewife, it was found that all were unemployed, and 35.2 per cent of the respondents were involved in other types of work because majority of the respondents were getting school level of education and illiterate so they are not eligible for professional related works from rural areas and remaining 21.3 per cent of the respondents were involved in agriculture work. While make to comparison between the two panchayats, Manathattai panchayat has better percentage compare than by involving in Mugavanur panchayat other works like daily wage worker but it has less number of housewife (28.86 per cent). From the analysis Manathattai panchayat were involving all type of works. Table - 3   Occupation of the Respondents Source: Primary data Wage per Day  The daily wages of respondents’ spouse  range from minimum amount of Rs.500. On the basis wage per day are classified in to five categories. The detail of daily wage of respondents is presented in the Table-4. It shows that majority (42.6 per cent) of the respondents were earning daily wage range between Rs.201- Rs.300, 18 per cent of the respondents were earning daily wage of Rs.101- Rs.200 then 16.2 per cent of the respondents were earning as wage range of Rs.301- Rs.400, only 14.8 per cent of the respondents were earning daily wage of less than Rs.500. In this study area daily wage i.e. upto Rs.300 earning persons were more because more respondents studied upto school level education so they were eligible for non-professional work only. Making comparison between the two panchayats, Manathattai panchayat has well document than Mugavanur panchayat on basis of income earing per day. Around 25 per cent of the respondents were earning their wage Rs.400- Rs.500 in a day because they had better education at school and college level, so they had some knowledge in technique work. S. No Occupation No. of Respondents Total (%) Mugavanur (%) Manathattai (%) 1 Agriculture 29 (25.8) 17 (16.34) 46 (21.3) 2 Housewife 62 (55.4) 30 (28.86) 92 (42.5) 3 Professional 0 0 0 4 Business 0 02 (1.92) 02 (1) 5 Employees 0 0 0 6 Others (coolie) 21 (18.8) 55 (52.8) 76 (35.2) Total 112 (100) 104 100) 216 (100)
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