Agile Project Management

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Agile project management is an iterative method of determining requirements for engineering and information technology development projects in a highly flexible and interactive manner. One difference between agile and iterative development is that the delivery time in agile is in weeks rather than months. Both iterative and Agile methodologies were developed as a reaction to various obstacles that developed in more traditional project management. For example, as technology projects grow in complexity, end users tend to have difficulty defining the long term requirements, without being able to view progressive prototypes. Projects that develop in iterations can constantly gather feedback to help refine those requirements.
  • 1. Module 1 PMI-ACP Introduction Basic Concept of Project Management
  • 2. Agile / Agile Software Development • Dictionary Meaning of Agile – Moving Quickly and Lightly / Nimble • Agile Software Development – Is a group of software development methods based on iterative and incremental development, where requirements and solutions evolve through collaboration between self-organizing, cross-functional teams. – It promotes adaptive planning, evolutionary development and delivery, a time-boxed iterative approach, and encourages rapid and flexible response to change.
  • 3. Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP®) • Project Management Institute (PMI) ( In response to the growing relevance of Agile methodology for all Project Managers, the Project Management Institute (PMI®) has begun offering the Agile Certified Practitioner (PMI-ACP®) certification exam, since 2012.
  • 4. PMI-ACP Eligibility Requirements & Fees
  • 5. Exam Content Outline • Computer Based Testing (CBT) mode only @ Prometric Centers. • Comprised of 120 multiple-choice questions – With 20 of those questions considered "pretest questions – "Pretest questions will not affect the score and are used in examinations as an effective and legitimate way to test the validity of future examination questions. • Allotted time Three (3) hours • No Negative Marking • Passing Criteria ???
  • 6. Exam Content Outline – Domain Split • Domain I : Value-Driven Delivery • Domain II : Stakeholder Engagement • Domain III : Boosting Team Performance Practices • Domain IV : Adaptive Planning • Domain V : Problem Detection and Resolution • Domain VI : Continuous Improvement (Product, Process, People)
  • 7. Basic Concepts of Project Management PROCESS • A process is a collection of interrelated work tasks initiated in response to an event that achieves a specific result for the customer of the process. • A process is a series of steps and decisions involved in the way work is completed.
  • 8. Project Vs. Operation PROJECT • A project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service, or result. • The temporary nature of projects indicates a definite beginning and end. • A project can involve a single person, a single organizational unit, or multiple organizational units. • Example: Construction of house, new product, new services, new document etc. OPERATION • Operations are the ongoing execution of activities that produce the same output, or provide a repetitive service, don’t produce anything new, but they are necessary to maintain and sustain the system. • Operations are permanent in nature, and their only constraint is to make profit for the organization. • Example: A manufacturing or production unit. Few Similarities: - Performed by people - Constrained by limited resources - Planned, executed, and controlled
  • 9. Program & Portfolio PROGRAM • A Program is a group of related projects managed in a coordinated way to get benefits and control not available from managing them individually. PORTFOLIO • Portfolio refers to the group of related or non- related projects, or programs. • A portfolio may consist of several non-related projects without having a single program.
  • 10. Projects Management Office (PMO) Is an organizational body or entity assigned various responsibilities related to the centralized and coordinated management of those projects under its domain.
  • 11. Project Life Cycle
  • 12. Project Life Cycle Characteristics
  • 13. Project Phases Sequential Relationship Overlapping Relationship Parallel Relationship
  • 14. Life Cycle Models - Waterfall Advantages The Waterfall method is also well known amongst the software developers therefore it is easy to use. Works well for smaller projects where requirements are very well understood. Cost effectiveness - time spent early in the software production cycle can lead to greater economy at later stages. Disadvantages The crucial disadvantage of this model is that testing is understood as a “one time” action at the end of the project just before the release the operation. The test is seen as a “final inspection”, an analogy to a manufacturing inspection before handling over the product to the customer. High amounts of risk and uncertainty. Inflexible . Poor model for complex and object-oriented projects.
  • 15. Life Cycle Models - Iterative Advantages  Building and improving the product step by step. Hence can track the defects at early stages. This avoids the downward flow of the defects.  In iterative model can get the reliable user feedback. When presenting sketches and blueprints of the product to users for their feedback.  Less time is spent on documenting and more time is given for designing. Disadvantages  Each phase of an iteration is rigid with no overlaps.  Costly system architecture or design issues may arise because not all requirements are gathered up front for the entire lifecycle.  Difficult to obtain customer feedbacks.
  • 16. Life Cycle Models - Incremental Project delivery is divided into elements (analyze, design, code, test and release) Advantages  Quick feedback loop from business stakeholders.  Focus on customer feedback.  Customers feels the product early. Disadvantages  Scheduling of the development is difficult with incremental model.  Tracking and monitoring is difficult.  Testing needs to be exhaustive in each component/part.
  • 17. Agile – the ADAPTIVE Life Cycle Model The main difference of this and other two approaches of development is that this Agile lifecycle focuses on continual changing by interacting with its customers to refine and finalize the product while also checking if the product is becoming what their customer has been waiting for.
  • 18. Thank You !!
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