Catcher in the Rye Major Works Data Sheet

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Major works review sheet for Catcher in the Rye
  Major Works Data SheetTitle:  The Catcher in the Rye Author:  J. D. Salinger  Date of Publication : July 16, 1951 Genre : Fiction; a   Bildungro!an Historical information about the period of publications :The irt #olden Caul ield tory $a old to the  New Yorker   !aga%ine in 19&1, $hich $a 'u(lihed in 19&6. Frag!ent o thi tory $ere 'u(lihed e'arately until the ull (oo) i inally 'u(lihed on July 16, 1951, changing *!erica+ ie$ on iction literature. Bioraphical information about the author :Jero!e Daid Salinger $a (orn on January 1, 1919 in -C. #e i the econd and lat child o Sol and /iria! Salinger, $ith a iter, Dori, $ho i 0 year older. #e irt a'ired to (e an actor $hen he $a younger, though he $a decri(ed a a uite, olitary (oy. #e $ent to /cBurney School in /anhattan in 1923, (ut truggled in the 'riate chool $ith grade. Seeing thi, hi 'arent ent hi! to 4alley Forge /ilitary *cade!y in ennylania $here he too) u' dra!a and inging at age 15. #e $ent through eeral college (e ore dicoering hi interet in $riting at a horttory $riting coure at Colu!(ia 7nierity in 1929. Through !any re8ection, Salinger continued to $rite and u(!it torie. #e enliting in the ar!y and ta)ing 'art in the -or!andy Beach raid on DDay. #e !arrie hi $i e Claire Dougla on Fe(ruary 1, 1955, and ha a daughter, /argaret *nn, and a on, /atthe$, (ut diorce in 196. Summar! :The Catcher in the Rye i told (y #olden Cau ield, the 'rotagonit, $hile he i in a !ental intitution. #e narrate a e$ day in Dece!(er tarting ro! $hen he le t encey re', $hich he $a e'elled ro!. #e iit hi hitory teacher, /r. S'encer, to ay good(ye, then return to hi dor!, only to (e (othered (y *c)ley, hi neigh(or, and Stradlater, hi roo!!ate. #e i etre!ely diguted (y Stradlater, e'ecially a ter he ind out a(out Stradlater+ date $ith Jane allagher, hi old riend. #olden end u' ta)ing a train ho!e, to -e$ or) City, een though he $an+t due to leae or another e$ day. * ter he arrie in -e$ or), #e ta)e a taica( to the <d!ont #otel. #i roo! allo$ hi! to ee into the roo! o other, he ee a tranetite, and a cou'le 'itting at each other and (eco!e (oth tirred u' and con ued (y hi euality. =nthe do$ntair >aender Roo!, he !eet three $o!en in their thirtie and he trie to act !ature and older,  (ut end u' haing to 'ay their chec). #e thin) a(out Jane allagher and then goe to <rnie+ in reen$ich4illage (ut on leae. Bac) at the <d!ont, he ha a 'rotitute ent or hi!. She, too, leae oon, though her (o, /aurice, co!e to (eat u' #olden or !ore !oney. The net !orning, he 'hone Sally #aye to ee her, then chec) hi (ag at rand Central and had (rea) at, during $hich he !eet t$o nun. * ter$ard, he loo) or a record or hi younger iter, hoe(e and hear a (oy inging a(out a (ody co!ing through the rye. #olden goe to a 'lay $ith Sally the ice )ate, (ut their date end u' in a ight. #e goe to a !oie, then get drun), $hile trying to tal) to hi or!er tudent adior a(out euality. #e goe to the duc) lagoon in Central ar), then ho!e to ee hoe(e, $here he tal) a(out (eing ?the catcher in the rye.@ #e leae $ithout hi 'arent inding out and iit /r. *ntolini, a or!er teacher, (ut end u' lee'ing there or the night and $a)ing u' to the !an tro)ing hi head. #e ha lunch $ith hoe(e and agree not to leae o he $ill not ollo$ hi!. #e ta)e her to the carouel and $atche her ride. The (oo) end $ith hi! in the intitution, !iing eeryone. #e i to tart chool again in Se'te!(er. haracteristics of the Genre :=t i a Realitic Fiction (oo) and a claic, (ut !ot nota(ly, it i a (ildungro!an, or a co!ingo age noel.The 'rotagonit goe through !any change, e'ecially 'ychological, to (eco!e an adult. They try to learn  through their e'erience and the noel itel i their 8ourney to !aturity. A ten, the 'rotagonit truggle $ith ociety+ idea, een though he or he reache out to 'articular character. Author#s St!le :Salinger $rite in a collouial, in or!al tyle $ith i!'le language. #e 'ea) ery ran)ly and to the 'oint, (ut o !uch o that it co!e o a ridiculou or hu!orou. #i entence are generally hort and hi decri'tion are alo, (ut occaionally $e encounter o!e long e'lanation. $%ample that demonstrates the st!le :?hat = li)ed a(out her, he didn+t gie you a lot o hore !anure a(out $hat a great guy her ather $a. She 'ro(a(ly )ne$ $hat a 'hony lo( he $a.@  =t i $ritten in Salinger+ caual and honet tyle, and it co!e o a hu!orou. <ach entence i ery to the 'oint. Memorable &uotes :   QuotationSignificance ?ou re!e!(er = aid (e ore that *c)ley $a a lo( in hi 'eronal ha(it ell, o $a Stradlater, (ut in a di erent $ay. Stradlater $a !oreo a ecret lo(. #e al$ay loo)ed all right, Stradlater, (ut or intance, you hould+e een the ra%or he haed hi!el $ith. =t $a al$ay ruty a hell and ull o lather and hair and cra'. #e neer cleaned it or anything. #e al$ay loo)ed good $hen he $a inihed iing hi!el u', (ut he $a a ecret lo( any$ay, i you )ne$ the $ay =did.@=t ho$ ho$ !uch #olden can+t tand ?'honie.@ #e can+ttand ho$ neat Stradlater co!e o a to other $hen he  'eronally ha een ho$ (ig a lo( he actually i.?*t the end o the irt act $e $ent out $ith all the other 8er) or a cigarette. hat a deal that $a. ou neer a$ o !any 'honie in all your li e, eery(ody !o)ing their ear o and tal)ing a(out the 'lay o that eery(ody could hear and )no$ ho$ har' they $ere. So!e do'ey !oie actor $a tanding near u, haing a cigarette. = don+t )no$ hi na!e (ut he al$ay 'lay the 'art o a guy in a $ar !oie that get yello$ (e ore it+ ti!e to go oer the to'. #e $a $ith o!e gorgeou  (londe, and the t$o o the! $ere trying to (e ery (la and all, li)e a i  he didnEt een )no$ 'eo'le $ere loo)ing at hi!. /odet a hell. = got a  (ig (ang out o it.@Thi i another ea!'le o ho$#olden can+t tand arti iciality. #e conider it 8ut a (ad to  'ur'oe ully try to act a certain$ay a to act !odet $hile eeling !ug.=t $a a unny thing to ay. =t ounded li)e a real )id. ouEd thin) a  'rotitute and all $ould ay >i)e hell you are or Cut the cra' intead o >i)e un you are.@#olden ee Sunny+ innocence, een though he+ a  'rotitute and he co!'are her youth to hi o$n.?Certain thing they hould tay the $ay they are. ou ought to (e a(le totic) the! in one o thoe (ig gla cae and 8ut leae the! alone. = )no$ thatE i!'oi(le, (ut itE too (ad any$ay.@Thi ho$ #olden i a raid o change.?hat = $a really hanging around or, = $a trying to eel o!e )ind o good(y. = !ean =Ee le t chool and 'lace = didnEt een )no$ = $a leaing the!. = hate that. = donEt care i itE a ad good(y or a (ad good (y, (ut $hen = leae a 'lace = li)e to know  =E! leaing it. = you donEt, you eel een $ore.@#olden eel the need or e!otion. #e i a raid that he+ll  (e gone ro! encey and reali%e that it gae hi! nothing.ou ought to go to a (oyE chool o!eti!e. Try it o!eti!e, = aid. #e hated chool (ecaue  =tE ull o 'honie, and all you do i tudy o that you can learn enough to (e !art enough to (e a(le to (uy a godda! Cadillac o!eday, and you hae to )ee' !a)ing (eliee you gie a da!n i the oot(all tea! loe, and all you do i tal) a(out girl and liuor and e all day, and eery(ody tic) together in thee dirty little godda! cliue.eerything there $a 'ointle to hi! he doen+t care to (e rich enough to (uy a Cadillac, and a or the 'eo'le, they all do thoe tereoty'ical high chool thing. #e+d rather (e a'art ro! it than 'retend to (ea 'art o it. haracters:  -a!e, role in tory, igni icance, ad8ectie  Holden Caulfield   The eenteenyearold 'rotagonit o the noel; #e i the narrator o the tory. Throughout the noel, he trael around -e$ or) City, reenting the $orld o 'honie. #e i lot and doe not eel (elonged any$here. Through hi e'erience a he trael he tart to reali%e that not eerything i the $ay he ee it ro! hi 'er'ectie. #e i 8udg!ental and i!!ature at irt, (ut in the end he !ature, deelo'ing a genuine heart or the 'eo'le i!'ortant to hi!.  Jean Stradlater   #olden+ roo!!ate at encey re'; #e it #olden+ la(el o a G'hony+ a he a''ear to (e a $ellgroo!ed, hando!e (oy, #olden ee hi unclean ide in the dor!. #e anger #olden (y dire'ecting #olden+ (rother+ 'oe! on hi acred (ae(all gloe, and alo (y going out $ith Jane allagher. #olden decri(e hi! a a Gey (atard+; he i u'er icial and una''reciatie.  Jane Gallagher   She hare a 'at $ith #olden; they $ere neigh(or one u!!er and ued to hang out together. She i one o the e$ 'eo'le $ho #olden conider ery i!'ortant to hi!. Being una(le to 'rotect her ro! Stradlater and her alcoholic ather, 8ut a he $a una(le to 'rotect hi (eloed (rother ro! death, !a)e hi! rutrated. She i a $eet, innocent, and idioyncratic girl.  Phoebe Caulfield   #olden+ ten year old younger iter; #olden eel the cloet to her and ro! o(ering her he doe not ind the uual 'honine that he ind in other 'eo'le, (ut rather the true, o'ti!itic 'irit o an innocent child. hoe(e i the only one $ho #olden eel true a ection and a''reciation ro!. She i !art, i!aginatie, innocent, and co!'aionate.  Allie Caulfield   #olden+ younger (rother $ho died our year ago ro! leu)e!ia Hin narratie 'reentI. #e alo i a ource o ho'e and co! ort or #olden, $ho tal) to hi! ro! ti!e to ti!e $hen he i going through rough ti!e. hile hoe(e i alie, he i too innocent to ee the dar) ide o #olden, o *llie i theone #olden reeal hi co!'lication to. #olden )ee' *llie+ old (ae(all gloe a a re!inder o their connection. #olden decri(e *llie a (eing the !ot intelligent, and the nicet 'eron in the a!ily. D'B . #olden+ older (rother; #olden ued to loo) u' to hi!, decri(ing hi horttorie a ?terri ic@ (e ore he $ent to #olly$ood a a cri't$riter. #olden eel that he ha old hi!el out or the re$ard o $riting  'o'ular (ut arti icial !oie. #e i included in the grou' o 'eo'le in the $orld #olden la(el a G'honie.+  Sally Hays  * girl #olden ha (een dating or a $hile; De'ite #olden+ hatred or 'hony 'eo'le, he re'reent one o the etre!e 'honie $ho ay and do thing they don+t eel. * ter their ice)ating date, #olden reali%e that he doe not hare the 'aion he ha and that he i too di erent ro! her uni!aginatie, inenitie, and ?tu'id@ $ay.  Mr. Spencer   * hitory teacher at encey re'; #e i one o the e$ 'eo'le $ho #olden ac)no$ledge actually care or hi!. #e trie to conince #olden to get out o hi lu!' and try hard in chool, (ut #olden 8ut eel orry or the old !an. #olden reali%e that they cannot undertand each other and leae. /r. S'encer i ery old, dirty, and ad.  Mr. Antolini   #olden+ aorite teacher $ho taught hi! at <l)ton #ill, (e ore (eco!ing an <nglih  'ro eor at -7; #olden re'ect hi! not only a an intelligent teacher (ut alo a a 'eron $ith a genuine heart, a ter o(ering hi! carry the (loody (ody o a uicidal tudent. #e i the only adult #olden doe not categori%e a G'hony.+ hen #olden !a)e a rah 8udg!ent on /r. *ntolini+ a ection, he (egin to re lect on hi action, eeing that 'eo'le are !ore co!'le than $hat he !a)e the! out to (e. #e i  Settin:  #olden (egin hi narration in ennylania, at hi or!er chool, encey re'. The ret o hi e'erience ta)e 'lace in -e$ or) City. S!mbols: Catcher in the rye-  #olden $ant to catch children to 'reent the! ro! leaing innocence and e!erging into the adult $orld. #e i!agine a ield o rye $here he catche the children ro! tu!(ling o the edge o  the cli .  Red hunting hat The hat y!(oli%e #olden+ uniuene and e'aration ro! eeryone ele. =t re'reent #olden+ deire to (e di erent ro! eeryone. #e uually $ear it unle he+ near 'eo'le he )no$. Thi  'ortray #olden+ con lict (et$een iolation and co!'anionhi'. The color o the hat i alo red $hich the color o hi iter hoe(e+ hair i. #olden aociate hoe(e $ith innocence and 'urity. !he useu of #atural History   The !ueu! y!(oli%e a $orld that #olden $ould li)e to inha(it. #e !ention ho$ eerything there i ro%en and unchanging. #olden eel that eery ti!e he goe there, he+ the one $ho ha changed. The !ueu! re'reent #olden+ deire to lie in a $orld $here nothing change and i i!'le. Thi i (ecaue #olden i terri ied (y the un'redicta(le challenge o the adult $orld. !he duc$s   Thee duc) y!(oli%e 'ereerance een in the !ot inho'ita(le condition $hich i i!ilar to #olden+ ituation. The duc) eri y that change i te!'orary. *lthough the duc) leae eery $inter, they co!e (ac) in the 'ring thu re'reenting change that in+t 'er!anent. The ?'artly ro%en and 'artly not ro%en 'art@ alo y!(oli%e #olden tuc) (et$een childhood and adulthood. Carousel  >i e at it (et 'oi(ilitie. The carouel i a re'reentation o the innocence and ha''ine o childhood. =t i an intance in $hich #olden could Ecatch a (odyE and ErecueE her too. =t !oe and continuein !otion, (ut the 8ourney o a carouel i an illuion.. =tE the 'lay o childhood and #oldenE antay iion o the $orld. Possible Themes: Reluctance to gro$ u'=olation a !ean o el 'rotection>onelinehonine o the adult $orld=nnocenceouthSeuality and eual identity
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