Chapter 10

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Chapter 10 . Real Estate Brokerage. The Real Estate Sales Process. Listing agreement Marketing the property and qualifying buyers Presentation and negotiations Contracts Settlement or closing. Real Estate Brokers and Sales Associates.
Transcript
Chapter 10 Real Estate BrokerageThe Real Estate Sales Process
  • Listing agreement
  • Marketing the property and qualifying buyers
  • Presentation and negotiations
  • Contracts
  • Settlement or closing
  • Real Estate Brokers and Sales Associates
  • A broker is an intermediary who brings together buyers and sellers, assists in negotiating agreements between them, executes their orders, and receives a commission (or brokerage) in compensation for services rendered.
  • Real estate brokers are individuals licensed by state governments to arrange real estate sale or lease transactions for a commission
  • Real estate sales associate are individuals licensed by state governments to arrange real estate sale or lease transactions under the supervision of a real estate broker
  • Legal Aspects of Broker-Client Relationship
  • In an “agency relationship,” one party (the principal) authorizes another party (the agent) to act on his or her behalf.
  • In real estate, a property owner may hire a real estate broker to help find a buyer for the property. Or, a potential buyer may hire a real estate broker to help find a property for purchase. Or, a real estate broker may hire a real estate sales associate to assist in locating buyers or properties.
  • Real estate brokers (and sales associates) who are hired by a principal as an agent owe the principal their complete loyalty and must always act in the principal’s best interest.
  • Dual Agency
  • Creating Agency Relationships
  • Listing Agreements establish the agency relationship between sellers and brokers.
  • Open Listing – seller may hire several brokers to search for a buyer and only be obligated to pay the broker who finds the actual buyer
  • Exclusive Agency Listing – seller agrees to hire only one broker to search for a buyer, but reserves the right to sell the property without the assistance of the broker and thus avoid paying a commission
  • Exclusive Right to Sell Listing – seller agrees to hire only one broker and to pay that broker a commission even if the seller locates a buyer without the assistance of the broker
  • Buyer representation agreements establish the agency relationship between buyers and brokers.
  • Figure 10.1 Figure 10.2Figure 10.3Figure 10.4Figure 10.5Brokers as Fiduciaries
  • A fiduciary is a person who occupies a position of trust and confidence in relation to another person or his or her property. Fiduciaries must act in the best interest of their client at all times.
  • Fraud occurs when a fiduciary, with the intention to mislead, makes a false statement material to a transaction that is justifiably relied on by the client, resulting in injury to the client.
  • Misrepresentation is the same as fraud except the intention to mislead is not present.
  • Termination of Agency Relationships
  • When a transaction occurs
  • When the agreement expires
  • When the parties agree to terminate
  • When one party breaches the agreement
  • When one party becomes contractually incapacitated
  • The listing property is destroyed
  • The listing property is condemned
  • Other Brokerage Issues
  • Franchises
  • Desk Fee Arrangements
  • Multiple-Listing Services
  • Broker and sales associate compensation
  • Usually calculated as a percentage of the transaction amount
  • Broker and sales associate often have an agreed-upon “split” between themselves
  • Cooperating brokers (through the MLS) often split any commissions paid by agreement
  • Related Search
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