Dead sea in danger

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1. 1. Read the text. Dead Sea in Danger The Dead Sea, the saltiest body of water of the earth and a wonderful natural treasure, is becoming smaller and smaller because of…
  • 1. 1. Read the text. Dead Sea in Danger The Dead Sea, the saltiest body of water of the earth and a wonderful natural treasure, is becoming smaller and smaller because of decisions by people to use part of its waters. The Dead Sea is located at the lowest point of the earth, almost 400 metres below sea level. It is 50 kilometres long. Just 40 years ago it stretched 80 kilometres in length. One of the main reasons for the sea's shrinking is lack of water. 90% of the waters that flow from the Jordan River, which traditionally goes into the Dead Sea, is taken for drinking and agriculture in Israel and Jordan. Besides, local industry adds to the Dead Sea's problems. They use the water for getting necessary minerals. It's a real disaster for the Sea. Now hundreds of thousands of tourists come to the Dead Sea every year. Its water is so salty that a man can read a newspaper comfortably while lying on his back on the water. The water contains a lot of sulphur, and the thick black mud that is found at the sea's beach is very useful for people with skin diseases. Tourists treat their bodies with the black mud, but they don’t think about the Dead Sea's troubles. It can be saved — but time is running out. 2. Answer the questions and choose the answer (a, b, с or d) which you think fits best according to the text. 1. Where is the Dead Sea located? a) At the highest point of the Earth b) At the hottest place of the Earth c) At the lowest point of the Earth d) At the coldest place of the Earth 2. According to the text how long is the Dead Sea now? a) 400 metres b) 50 kilometres c) 80 kilometres d) 40 kilometres 3. What are two main reasons for taking off part of the Dead Sea's water?
  • 2. a) Thousands of tourists come to the Sea to treat their diseases; the Dead Sea's water is used by local industry. b) People take water from the Jordan River for their needs; they use the Dead Sea's water for getting necessary minerals. c) Local industry uses its black mud; people take the Sea's water for agriculture and drinking. d) 90% of the Jordan waters is taken for drinking and agriculture in Israel and Jordan; thousands of tourists come to the Sea for treating. 3. Write a short answer. 1. Find and write down the sentence that says why the Dead Sea is in danger? _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 2. Why does the text finish with the words: It can be saved — but time is running out? Explain your answer. _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________ 4. Match the words (and phrases) with their antonyms (words which have opposite meanings). to 1. to prohibit a) to damage 2. to protect b) to clear rubbish away 3. to pollute c) to be out of danger 4. to throw d) to allow 5. to drop litter e) to enjoy doing something 6. to be in danger f) to clean 7. to avoid doing something g) to catch 5. Complete each sentence with one of the words or phrases below. pollution, rubbish, cans, environment, packaging, protect, is thrown, in danger, prohibited, pollute, bins, clearing up
  • 3. People get a lot of food from the sea. But we have made the sea a very dirty place. If we are not careful, 1________________ will kill many of the animals and plants in the sea. A lot of rubbish 2_____________ into the sea. Sea animals, fish and birds are 3__________________. Some animals try to eat the 4__________________, they die. Oil (нефть) from big ships, chemicals and waste 5_________________ the sea and kill whales and dolphins, fish and sea birds. Luckily many people realize now that we must look after the sea and 6______________ it. They say polluting the sea should be strictly 7________________. Groups of people who care about the 8______________________ spend their free time 9____________________ litter from the beaches. People collect 10_______________, bottles and 11___________________ and put them into different 12_____________ for further recycling. 6. Fill in the sentence with the suitable form of the word in capitals. 1. RECYCLE After "the clear up day" in the park the students took the rubbish to the local _______________________ centre. 2. POLLUTE ____________________ is one of the most serious and crucial world's problems of our day. 3. PROTECT The young woman didn't know where to look for _________________________ . 4. ENVIRONMENT Some of the first ____________________ organizations in the world started in Britain. 5. DANGER It was a very ______________ journey. 6. USE When the young people first came to Ireland, they weren't ________________ to cold weather. 7. PROHIBIT Smoking is strictly ____________________ in the office.
  • 4. KEYS 2. 1. c); 2. b); 3. b). 4. 1. d); 2. a); 3. f); 4. g); 5. b); 6. c); 7. e). 5. 1. Pollution; 2. is thrown; 3. in danger; 4. rubbish; 5. pollute; 6. protect; 7. prohibited; 8. environment; 9. clearing up; 10. cans; 11. packaging; 12. bins. 6. 1. recycling; 2. pollution; 3. protection; 4. environmental; 5. dangerous; 6. used; 7. prohibited.
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