laporan resmi distilasi, Kimia Dasar 1

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TITLE : DISTILLATION DATE OF EXPERIMENT : October, 9th 2012 PURPOSE : 1. Separating and purifying the liquid 2. Determining boiling point of the liquid
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  EXPERIMENT REPORT DISTILLATION GROUP V :PUTRI MEGA ANANDA(123194205)ZAIMATUL UMAH(123194232)RADIAN DANY APRILIA(123194236) THE STATE UNIVERSITY OFSURABAYA A!ULTY O MATHEMATI!S AND NATURAL S!IEN!ES DEPARTMENT O !HEMISTRY 2012  A.TITLE: DISTILLATIONB.DATE OF EXPERIMENT: October, 9 th  2012C.PRPOSE: 1. Se! r t#$% $& !'r#()#$% the *#+'#&2. Deter#$#$% bo#*#$% !o#$t o( the *#+'#&D.BASIC T-EOR:D#/t#** t#o$ #/ #&e*) '/e& etho& (or /e! r t#$% #t're/ b /e& o$&#((ere$ce/ #$ the co$&#t#o$/ re+'#re& to ch $%e the !h /e o( co!o$e$t/ o( the #t're. To /e! r te #t're o( *#+'#&/, the *#+'#& c $ be he te& to (orceco!o$e$t/, h#ch h e &#((ere$t bo#*#$% !o#$t/, #$to the % / !h /e. The % /#/ the$ co$&e$/e& b c3 #$to *#+'#& (or $& co**ecte&. A*tho'%h the ter #/o/t coo$*) !!*#e& to *#+'#&/, the reer/e !roce// c $ be '/e& to /e! r te% /e/ b) *#+'e()#$% co!o$e$t/ '/#$% ch $%e/ #$ te!er t're $&4or  !re//'re. D#/t#** t#o$ #/ '/e& (or  $) coerc# * !roce//e/, /'ch / !ro&'ct#o$ o( % /o*#$e, &#/t#**e&  ter, )*e$e, *coho*, ! r ((#$, 3ero/e$e, $&  $) other *#+'#&/. D#/t#** t#o$ #/ '/e& to #$%&'  *+ *#,-  b)/e! r t#$% #t (ro $o$5o* t#*e or *e//5o* t#*e  ter# *. 6he$ &#((ere$tco!o'$&/ #$ #t're h e &#((ere$t bo#*#$% !o#$t/, the) /e! r te #$to#$&##&' * co!o$e$t/ he$ the #t're #/ c re('**) &#/t#**e&. D%./%/%*, &*$ !*+ *#,- I-,/%&%/%*,: *%%, P*%,/ D/$+%,/%*, D#/t#** t#o$ #/ '/e& to !'r#() co!o'$& b) /e! r t#$% #t (ro $o$5o* t#*eor *e//5o* t#*e  ter# *. Bec '/e &#((ere$t co!o'$&/ o(te$ h e &#((ere$t bo#*#$% !o#$t/, the co!o$e$t/ o(te$ /e! r te (ro #t're he$ the#t're #/ &#/t#**e&.The bo#*#$% !o#$t #/ the te!er t're t h#ch the  !or !re//'re o( the *#+'#& !h /e o( co!o'$& e+' */ the eter$ * !re//'re ct#$% o$ the /'r( ce o( the*#+'#&. The eter$ * !re//'re #/ '/' **) the to/!her#c !re//'re. For #$/t $ce, co$/#&er *#+'#& he te& #$ $ o!e$ (* /3. The  !or !re//'re o( the*#+'#& #** #$cre /e / the te!er t're o( the *#+'#& #$cre /e/, $& he$ the !or !re//'re e+' */ the to/!her#c !re//'re, the *#+'#& #** bo#*. D#((ere$tco!o'$&/ bo#* t &#((ere$t te!er t're/ bec '/e e ch h / &#((ere$t,ch r cter#/t#c  !or !re//'re: co!o'$&/ #th h#%her  !or !re//'re/ #** bo#* t *oer te!er t're/.Bo#*#$% !o#$t/ re '/' **) e /'re& b) recor&#$% the bo#*#$% !o#$t 7or r $%e8o$ theroeter h#*e !er(or#$% &#/t#** t#o$. Th#/ etho& #/ '/e&he$eer there #/ e$o'%h o( the co!o'$& to !er(or &#/t#** t#o$. The&#/t#** t#o$ etho& o( bo#*#$% !o#$t &eter#$ t#o$ e /'re/ the te!er t'reo( the  !or/ boe the *#+'#&. S#$ce the/e  !or/ re #$ e+'#*#br#' #th the bo#*#$% *#+'#&, the) re the / e te!er t're / the bo#*#$% *#+'#&. The  !or te!er t're r ther th $ the !ot te!er t're #/ e /'re& bec '/e #( )o' !'t theroeter ct' **) #$ the bo#*#$% *#+'#& #t're, the te!er t're re &#$%o'*& *#3e*) be h#%her th $ th t o( the  !or/. Th#/ #/ bec '/e the *#+'#& c $   be /'!erhe te& or co$t #$ te& #th other /'b/t $ce/, $& there(ore #t/te!er t're #/ $ot $ cc'r te e /'ree$t o( the bo#*#$% te!er t're.E.DESIN OF EXPERIMENT :  8 E+'#!e$t $& M ter# */ E+'#!e$t :D#/t#** t#o$ (* /3: 1!#eceBe 3er %* // ;00 L: 1!#eceBe 3er %* // 100 L: 1!#eceL#+'e(#er: 1!#eceTheroeter: 1!#eceBo#*#$% /to$e/: <!#ece/P#!ette &ro!/: <!#ece6#re % '=e: 2!#eceB'$/e$: 1!#eceTr#!o&: 1!#eceS! t'* : 1!#ece M ter# */ : N C* 1 %r A%NO < 0,1 MA+' &e/ b8 E!er#e$t Ste!/1.Pre! re the &#/t#** t#o$ /et2.E$ter#$% bo#*#$% /to$e/ #$to &#/t#** t#o$ (* /3 b) 3ee* oer the &#/t#** t#o$ (* /3 <.Sett#$% the &#/t#** t#o$ /et>.Pre! re be 3er %* // ;00 L, !o'r 100 L - 2 O $& 1 %r  N C*. M# the '$t#* becoe hoo%e$eo'/ #t're.;.Po'r the /o*'t#o$ #$to &#/t#** t#o$ (* /3 '/#$% /! t'* ?.R'$$#$% the  ter #$ the *#+'e(#er @.Sett#$% the B'$/e$ $& !'t '$&er &#/t#** t#o$ (* /3 .Bo#*#$% the &#/t#** t#o$ (* /3 '$t#* the te!er t're #$cre /e $& co$/t $t9./e be 3er %* // 100L to %et the &#/t#** te 710 L8 the$ the !roce// #/ /to!!e&10.Pre! r#$% < te/t t'be
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