Socialization shree p. devkota

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1. 4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.1Socialization of studentsPresented By:Shree Prasad DevkotaM.Phil in Development Studies,2013Kathmandu University 2.…
  • 1. 4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.1Socialization of studentsPresented By:Shree Prasad DevkotaM.Phil in Development Studies,2013Kathmandu University
  • 2. Outline of the PresentationDefinition of socializationAgents of SocializationAnalysis from different theoryConclusionReferences4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.2
  • 3. Socialization is …… Socialization’ refers to the adjustment of individualacceptance of organizational rules and culture.Chou(2011) The cultural process of learning to participate in grouplife. The lifelong process of social interaction though whichpeople acquire a self-identity and the physical, mental,and social skills needed for survival in society. The content of socialization of student be differentfrom society to society.4/23/20133 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
  • 4. Socialization as Social Control4/23/20134 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
  • 5. Agents of SocializationThe persons, groups, or institutions that teach us whatwe need to know in order to participate in society: family, school, peers, and media.4/23/20135 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
  • 6. Family Families introduce children to the expectations ofsociety. How parents define and treat a child is crucial to thedevelopment of the child’s sense of self. Some families emphasize educational achievement;some may be more liberal, but others emphasize strictrespect and discipline.4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.6
  • 7. Cont. Functionalists emphasize that families are theprimary locus of procreation and socialization ofchildren, as well as the primary source of emotionalsupport. To a large extent the family is where we acquire ourspecific social positions in society. Conflict theorist stress that socialization reproducesclass structure in the next generation4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.7
  • 8. School From a functionalist perspective schools are responsible for: Socialization—teaching students to be productivemembers of society Transmission of culture Social control and personal development According to Conflict Theorists much of what happens atschools is a hidden curriculum Working class and low income children learn to be neat,on time, wait their turn, and remain attentive to work These are characteristic that make them more easilymanipulated in the workforce4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.8
  • 9. Peer Group For children, peer culture is an important source ofidentity. Through interaction with peers, children learnconcepts of self, gain social skills, and form valuesand attitudes. Girls’ peer groups tend to be closely join anddemocratic. Boys’ peer groups tend to be more hierarchical, withevident status distinctions between members.4/23/20139 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
  • 10. Mass Media The mass media function as socialization agents forchildren and adults in several ways: They inform students about events They introduce wide variety of people They provide an array of viewpoints on currentissues They make aware of products and services that ifwe purchase them, supposedly will help us to beaccepted by others They entertain , by providing the opportunity to livevicariously4/23/201310 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
  • 11. Functionalist Theory ofSocializationIndividual LearningprocessPeople internalize roleexpectations in societyFormation of selfInternalizing the values ofsociety reinforces socialconsensusInfluence of society Society relies on conformity tomaintain social equilibrium4/23/201311 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
  • 12. Conflict Theory of SocializationIndividualLearningprocessGoals that are part of identity areshaped by available opportunitiesFormation of selfGroup consciousness is formedin the context of a system ofinequalityInfluence ofsocietySocial control agents usepressure to conform4/23/201312 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
  • 13. Symbolic Interaction Theory ofSocializationIndividualLearningprocessChildren learn by taking the roleof significant othersFormation ofselfEmerges as the creative selfinteracts with social expectationsof othersInfluence ofsocietyExpectations of others form thecontext for learning social roles4/23/201313 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
  • 14. Conclusion of three Perspective onsocialization Functionalism perspective - socialization responsible forsociety by making needs of individuals match needs ofsociety Conflict perspective- socialization reproduces inequalityo • Haves & have-nots are socialized differentlyo • Haves control agents of socialization Symbolic interactionism perspective- socializationinvolves learning shared meaning that make social actionpossibleo Role-takingo Looking-glass self4/23/2013SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.14
  • 15. CONCLUSION Active process whereby human beings Learn how to become members of society Develop a self or sense of individual identity Learn to participate in social relationships with others Student learn the expectations of society throughsocialization.4/23/201315 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
  • 16. ReferencesPerrino, R. G. (n.d.). The Socialization Process and Its Impact onChildren and Learning retrieved fromhttpwww.nvtutoring.compdfsSocialization.pdf3e3ea140 on 18thApril 2013.Page, G. (n.d.). Professional Socialization of valuation students: whatthe literature says. retrieved fromhttpwww.prres.netPapersPage_Professional_socialization_of_valuation_students.pdf on 18thApril,2013.CHOU, C.M. (2011). Student teachers socialization development byteaching blog: reflections and socialization strategies. The TurkishOnline Journal of Educational Technology retrieved fromhttpwww.tojet.netarticlesv10i210219.pdf on 18th April,2013.4/23/201316 SOCIALIZATION OF STUDENTS, DEVKOTA S.P.
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