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1. By Rajesh Rachakonda Wilmington University 2.  Taj Mahal -----> The Symbol Of Eternal Love!  As everyone know, Taj Mahal made to the list of New Seven Wonders…
  • 1. By Rajesh Rachakonda Wilmington University
  • 2.  Taj Mahal -----> The Symbol Of Eternal Love!  As everyone know, Taj Mahal made to the list of New Seven Wonders earlier.  This marble marvel remains one of the most loved tourist spots in the world.  The Taj Mahal, located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India, was actually built as a tomb by Mogul ruler Shah jahan for his wife, Arjuman Banu Begum. She was born in April, 1593 in Agra, India.
  • 3.  Shah Jahan had been married to Arjuman Banu Begum at age of 36 and ascended  the peacock throne of India in 1628.  she was more familiarly known as Mumtaz Mahal, or "beloved ornament of the palace“ and she was one of the most beautiful women in India.  Within three years, their love story had ended.
  • 4.  Mumtaz died on June 17, 1631 AD while accompanying Shah during a battle campaign in Burhanpur in the Deccan (now in Madhya Pradesh) giving birth to her fourteenth child.  Whether it is true that Arjuman asked on her deathbed for a symbol of their love, nobody seems to know. But the Shah went ahead and erected an immortal tribute in the form of the most magnificent tomb in the world.  It would take 22 years to be completed.
  • 5.  Taj Mahal actually contains many separate areas inside, as well as outer buildings and extensive gardens.  The name is said to have been derived from his wife's nickname, Mumtaz Mahal.  Her empty tomb, rests in the exact middle of the main chamber, keeping the symmetrical design of the entire structure.  Four years after the tomb was completed, the Shah was deposed and imprisoned by his son.  When he died on 22 January 1666 (aged 74), his son had a cenotaph created beside that of his wife, upsetting the balance of the chamber.
  • 6.  The actual bodies, in true Muslim tradition, are buried in plain graves in the basement, wrapped in white shrouds, with faces turned towards Mecca.
  • 7.  A labour force of about twenty thousand workers was recruited from across the Northern India.  Sculptors from Bukhara, calligraphers from Syria and Persia, inlayers from southern India, stone cutters from Baluchistan, a specialist in building turrets, another who carved only marble flowers were part of the thirty-seven men who formed the creative unit.  The Taj Mahal was constructed using materials from all over India and Asia and over 1,000 elephants were used to transport building materials.
  • 8.  The translucent white marble was brought from Makrana, Rajasthan, the jasper from Punjab, jade and crystal from China.  In all, twenty eight types of precious and semi-precious stones were inlaid into the white marble.  The main finial was originally made of gold but was replaced by a copy made of gilded bronze in the early 19th century.  This feature provides a clear example of integration of traditional Persian and Hindu decorative elements.  The finial is topped by a moon, a typical Islamic motif whose horns point heavenward.
  • 9.  In 1942, the government erected a temporary structure in anticipation of an air attack by German and later by Japanese Air Force.  During the India-Pakistan wars of 1965 and 1971, temporary structure was again erected to mislead bomber pilots.  More recent threats have come from environmental pollutions
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