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Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 1 CLIMATE CHANGE Learning Resource Materials Teacher s Guide 1. There are three types of cards included in this kit, as follows: o 40 ledge Cards These are question
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Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 1 CLIMATE CHANGE Learning Resource Materials Teacher s Guide 1. There are three types of cards included in this kit, as follows: o 40 ledge Cards These are question and answer types of cards that progress from simple to complex questions. The answers are integrated in selected subject disciplines and some are aligned to trivia entries. o 12 Do Cards These are also called activity cards that allow students to conduct simple experiments, observations, play learning games, etc. with or without the supervision of the teacher. o 8 Project-Based Learning (PBL) Cards PBL cards are a set of simple to complex problem-solving applied in reallife situations that require students to use higher order thinking skills. These are highly collaborative and student-centered cards; 2. A matrix that gives a detailed description of each card is found in the succeeding pages. The matrix outlines the type of cards, title, subject area integration and standards used (Department/Ministry of Education of the respective countries and the 21 st Century Skills). 3. Do not bring the cards outside the schools premises. A teacher, preferably, the Science Coordinator or teacher should be assigned to safe-keep the kit; 4. Students are not allowed to put any marks or write their answers in the card. Answers to some questions must be written on a separate sheet of paper or Subject area notebook; 5. In the Do and PBL Cards, ensure that materials needed to conduct the activities and/or tasks are provided to the students. You may also request your students to bring the materials; Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 2 6. Rubrics are used to assess required outputs in all PBL activities. These rubrics can be downloaded at 7. Journal taking is a very important reflection tool. Require your students to submit journals after accomplishing each PBL or Do Card; 8. Teachers are encouraged to create a separate account for the purpose of tracking students performance and for submission of students outputs; 9. DO NOT PHOTOCOPY THE CARDS. Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 3 INDONESIA FLASHCARDS (Lead Teachers) KNOWLEDGE No Question Side Answer Side Type of card K12 Subject Area Integration Standards Integration based on Deped Curriculum & 21 st Century Skills 1 What is Pollution is defined as Science, LIS, KTSP- pollution? a manmade or natural Bahasa IV-IPA-K10 action of turning land, water, air dirty and not fit to use. Pollution affects human life activities and their ways of living (physical, cultural, and economic aspect). 2 What are Greenhouse gases are Social LIS, KTSP- greenhouse gases that do not Studies IV-IPA-K10 gases? allow extra heat in the atmosphere to be released into space. Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 4 As a result, our earth becomes warmer. Examples of greenhouse gases are Carbon Monoxide (CO2) and Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC s). 3 What are The possible effects Social, LIS, KTSP- possible effects are: Religion, IV-IPA-K10 of pollution to English human beings? 1. Air pollution that leads to sickness (Asthma, Bronchitis, etc.) 2. Soil Pollution that leads to less fertile lands resulting to decrease in farm production 3. Water pollution that leads to water-borne diseases. 4 What are the Possible man-made Social, LIS, KTSP- possible causes activities that cause English IV-IPA-K10 of pollution made pollution: by human being activities? 1. Land & water: Throwing of garbage Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 5 that contains methane (CH4) 2. Air: Using vehicles which bring out smoke containing carbon dioxide (CO 2) Using hair spray which contains nitrogen dioxide (NO 2) 5 What can we do To control the increase Social LIS, KTSP- to control the of the garbage, we Studies, IV-IPA-K10 increase of can: Math garbage in our Reduce - limit the use community? of plastic materials; Reuse - make use of an empty bottle to make a flower pot; Recycle - make an organic compost from organic waste. 6 What is greenhouse effect? Greenhouse effect is a process that traps heat from the sun in the atmosphere, enough for the environment to be warm, making life Science KD 3.10, LIS Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 6 exist. Without the greenhouse effect, our planet will be as cold as Pluto and no living things will survive. 7 How do Greenhouse gases English, KD 3.10, LIS greenhouse affect the earth s Bahasa gases affect the temperature when it earth s traps the extra heat temperature? from the sun before it escapes to outer space, causing the rise of the earth s temperature. 8 What are some examples of greenhouse gases found in our atmosphere? Some examples of greenhouse gases that are found in our atmosphere are: 1. Carbon dioxide greenhouse gas contains carbon without color and smell 2. Methane the simplest alkane and the main component of natural gas 3. Nitrogen oxide It is Science KD 3.10, LIS Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 7 an oxide of nitrogen. At room temperature, it is a colorless, nonflammable gas. 9 How are human Human activities affect English, KD 3.10, LIS activities global warming when Bahasa affecting Global they emit greenhouse Warming? gases (CO2, CH4, NO2). For example: using transportation, household appliances, producing goods and waste without decomposing the waste. 10 How will you differentiate global warming from climate change? Global warming is continuing increase of the earth s temperature. Climate change refers to changes in climatic conditions (e.g. precipitation, humidity, seasons) over a period of time. Climate change is Science KD 3.10, LIS Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 8 mainly brought about by increase of earth s temperature. Do and PBL No Card Title & Brief Type of Instructions Standards Description (game, Card Integration experiment, (Activity/Do based on individual, groupwork, etc) or PBL) Deped Curriculum & 21 st Century Skills 1 4 PICS ONE WORD Activity 1. As the 4 Pics 1 Word LIS, KTSP-IV- Team Game game suggests, study IPA-K10 Individual the four pictures that have something in common. 2. Write the correct words in the boxes based on what you see in the pictures. Write only one letter in each box. Use the letters written on the boxes as clues. 2 WORD SEARCH Activity 1. Search all the words LIS, KTSP-VI- PUZZLE about energy IPA-K10 Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 9 Team Game Individual sources. 2. Underline the words that you find. The words can be found across and downward. 3 CROSSWORD Activity Work in pairs, read PUZZLE Team Game the clues and fill out the correct answer to complete the KD 3.10, LIS crossword puzzle. 4 JAKARTA PBL 1. Before doing this LIS, KTSP-IV- NIGHTMARE PBL, make sure that IPA-K11 the students already A Project-Based know the basics of Learning (PBL) Activity on making Organic Compost compost and organic waste; 2. Give the students a list of websites where they can find information on how to making compost from organic waste; 3. Give the students list of materials to prepare making compost from organic Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 10 waste; 4. You may engage the assistance of the parents in the activity; 5. Schedule a date for the students to present their outputs in Science Fair. 5 HYDROPONICS PBL 1. Give the students a KD 3.10, LIS, list of websites where ICT A Project-Based they can find Learning (PBL) information on how to Activity on growing vegetables using Hydroponics. planting lettuce with Hydroponic; 2. Give the students list of materials to prepare for the hydroponic; 3. You may engage the assistance of the parents in the activity; 4. Schedule a date for the students to present their outputs first in the school. Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 11 INDONESIA FLASHCARDS (Teacher-Mentees) KNOWLEDGE No Question Side Answer Side Type of card K12 Subject Area Integration Standards Integration based on Deped Curriculum & 21 st Century Skills 1 What is water? Water is liquid Bahasa LIS, KTSP-I- matter for living Science IPA-KD2 things. Math 2 What are the uses We use water for : Science LIS, KTSP-II- of water for living Human - drinking, Math IPA-KD4 things? cooking, bathing, planting, cleaning and producing electric energy, such as Microhydro Power Animals - drinking and bathing; home of fishes Plants watering the plants Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 12 3 What are the Possible answers: English LIS, KTSP-III- possible causes of Science IPA-KD 4 water Water contamination? contamination happens when: Industrial wastes are thrown in the rivers, seas or lakes; Fertilizer wash is dumped into nearby waters or the wash leaks through ground waters; Detergent soaps used for washing clothes are thrown in any body of water; There is continued cutting of trees (deforestation) in our mountainside. Deforestation results to loss of quality water in the soil. 4 How do we know if the water we drink Possible answers: English Science LIS, KTSP- IV-IPA-KD 5 Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 13 is contaminated? The following are ways to know if the water we drink is contaminated: 1. Water is very cloudy, it is not clear; 2. The color may be brownish or yellowish; 3. You can smell chlorine from water coming out of the faucet; 4. There are sediments in the water 5. The water tastes bitter or metallic. 5 What are the Possible answers: Science LIS, KTSP- various effects of Social IV-IPA-KD 5 water pollution? Some effects of Studies water pollution are: 1. Diseases among human beings; 2. Damage in the ecosystem; 3. Death of fishes Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 14 and other aquatic animals; 4. Disturbance of food chain. 6 What should we do to prevent water contamination? Possible answers: 1. Make biopori around the house 2. Do not flush any chemicals, medicines in the toilet 3. Check water pipes at home for any breakage 4. Do not litter or throw garbage anywhere especially in bodies of water 5. Use household products that are friendly to the environment Trivia LIS, KTSP- IV-IPA-KD 3 7 What are the three The three factors Geography KD 3.2, LIS factors that affect that affect climate Science climate change? change are: English Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 15 Climate Forcings. These natural or manmade factors that forces changes in climatic conditions. Examples are solar rays, greenhouse effect, aerosols. Climate Feedbacks. These are processes that enforce or inhibit the effect of climate forcings. Examples are clouds, precipitation, greening of forests. Climate Tipping Points. This is when the earth s climate suddenly moves from one stable state to another. Examples of which are ocean circulation, ice Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 16 loss and increase of methane emission. 8 What can we do to Possible answers: Geography KD 3.2, LIS reduce the impact Chemistry of global warming? To reduce the Social impact of global studies warming, we can: Save energy/electri city Do reforestation Reduce of carbon emissions Use of alternative forms of energy 9 Why will global Global warming will Geography KD 3.2, LIS warming lead to the lead to the sinking English sinking of small of small islands islands? (e.g. Kelor Island and Nusa Penida) because melting of two massive ice sheets in Antarctica and Greenland will cause the possible rise of average sea Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 17 level. 10 How does global Global warming Statistics KD 3.2, LIS warming affect a increases the English storm s strength? average temperature of the earth including sea surface temperatures. Storms get their energy from the warm water. As sea surface temperatures rise, developing storms will contain more energy. Do and PBL No Card Title & Brief Type of Instructions Standards Description ( game, Card Integration experiment, (Activity/Do based on individual, groupwork, etc) or PBL) Deped Curriculum & 21 st Century Skills 1 MIND MAPPING Activity 1. Work in pairs. (about the water source) 2. Choose the right words to fill the blank Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 18 Work in pair on the map. 2 WORD SEARCH Activity 1. Individual task. PUZZLE (understanding some common words related to WATER) 2. Look at the words listed. 3. Then find the words in the grid! Words can be horizontal, vertical and diagonal in all eight directions. 3 CROSSWORD Activity 1. Work in pairs. KD. 3.2, ICT PUZZLE (on climate change) Team Game 2. Read the clues and fill out the correct answer to complete the crossword puzzle. 4 PLANT N GEL PBL 1. Explore information about planting A PBL activity on using diagels as planting materials technology using gel diapers plus soil on provided website. 2. Select proper information. 3. Discuss and analyze the information that you are going to use as guidance. 4. Prepare all tools and materials needed 5. Do experiment by planting three samples Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 19 6. Observe your experiment a. Watch water absorption on three samples b. Watch growth of plants c. Write your observation on observation sheet 7. Take photo and video documentation on the entire process of experiment 8. Report the result of activities at the end of project. 5 BOGOR SPORTS PBL 1. Give the students a list KD.3.2, ICT CENTER of websites where they can find information A Project-Based Learning (PBL) Activity on designing an environment friendly sports center about environmental friendly sport center; 2. You may engage the assistance of the parents in the activity; 3. Schedule a date for the students to present their outputs first in the school. Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 20 PHILIPPINES FLASHCARDS (Lead Teachers) KNOWLEDGE No Question Side Answer Side Type of card K12 Subject Area Integration Standards Integration based on Deped Curriculum & 21 st Century Skills 1 How does Volcanic eruption Social LIS, LCS, volcanic eruption contributes to the Studies, S4MT-Ia-1, contribute to the formation of acid rain? formation of acid rain due to the release of sulfur dioxide during History S4MT-Ig-h-6 S4MT-Ii-j- 7,S4LT-IIg-h- eruption. When sulfur 14, dioxide mixes with S4LT-IIi-j-16 water vapor into the S4LT-IIi-j-18, atmosphere, it forms S4ES-IVd-4, into sulfuric acid. S5MT-Ie-g-3 Social Studies. Land Forms. Mt. Bromo (Indonesia), Mt. Hallasan (South Korea), Mt. Aso Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 21 (Japan), Mt. Fuji (Japan), Mt. Hibukhibuk and Mt. Pinatubo (Philippines) are some of the famous active volcanoes found in Asia. History: Mt. Mayon was known for its perfect cone shape before its eruption last August Name at least three basic contents of a disaster emergency kit. Possible Answers: Water and food non- perishables goods such as an easy open canned goods, biscuits, etc. First Aid Kit disinfectants, bandage, medicines (non-prescription drugs) Emergency Tools flashlight, whistle, batteries, transistor radio with AM band, English LIS, S5FE- IVe- 5 Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 22 pocket knife, cellphones and charger Money/cash Clothing English.vocabulary. Non-prescription drugs are called as such because you can buy them without bringing a prescription issued by a doctor. They are sometimes called over-thecounter, or OTC, medicine. 3 How can climate change cause soil erosion? Non perishable goods. Foods that do not easily get spoiled or decayed. Climate change causes irregularity of rain patterns which can lead to excessive rain fall that brings about soil erosion. Did you know? Soil erosion causes Science LIS, LCS, S5FE-IVb-2 Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 23 4 Why are mangroves, seagrass beds and coral reefs important to the coastal and marine ecosystem? siltation which destroys aquatic life. The eroded soil particles called silt prevents the sun from penetrating into the water hence, preventing the aquatic plants to do photosynthesis and produce food for the aquatic animals. Mangroves, seagrasses and corals are important to the coastal and marine ecosystem because they absorb carbon dioxide to help them produce their own food; thereby producing organic materials and Oxygen as by-products which all living things need to survive. Geography. Tourist destination. The Tubbataha Reef, a Geography LIS, LCM, S6MT-IIi-j-5, S6MT-IIk-l-6 Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 24 5 Why does global warming contribute to climate change? UNESCO world heritage site, is the largest coral formation in the Philippines. It is found in the eastern part of Sulu Island. Global warming contributes to climate change because of the increase of temperature caused by greenhouse gases that prevent the light of the sun from bouncing back from the Earth s surface; thereby trapping the heat in the atmosphere. Chemistry LIS, LCM, S7ES-IVd-5 Did you know? Methane, Sulfur Dioxide and Nitrogen Oxide are some of the greenhouse gasses that also contribute to global warming. They are commonly produced by factories Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 25 and cars that burned fossil fuels. 6 Name simple There are more than Social LIS, LCM, ways that help a hundred ways of Studies S6MT, curb down the emission of carbon dioxide in the environment. curbing down the emission of CO2 in the environment. Some of these are: S8LT-IVj Turning off the lights and appliances when not in use; 2. Unplugging appliance wires when not being used; 3. Fanning oneself instead of using the air conditioning unit when feeling warm; 4. Walking or riding on a bicycle instead of riding in a car; 5. Planting trees and mangroves. Did you know? E-trikes are now being used in Boracay Island to ferry guests and tourists from one Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 26 location to another; making this famous tourist destination as one of the very first islands in the world to use green transportation. 7 What will happen Greenhouse effect Chemistry, S9ES-IIIe-30 if there is too occurs. Biology much Carbon dioxide in the Too much carbon atmosphere? dioxide trap the heat that should bounce back to space. On the other hand, a certain amount of CO2 is vital for plant growth which emits Oxygen that we, humans need to survive. TLE. Greenhouse refers to generating plants in a controlled environment. 8 Which of the following would B. Increased rainfall in the Southeastern English S9ES-IIIE-31 Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 27 most likely to occur in a La Niña event? A. Increased rainfall in the Northwestern part of Asia B. Increased rainfall in the Southeastern part of Asia C. Increased sea surface temperature in Southeastern part of Asia D. Increased sea surface temperature in the Northwestern part of Asia part of Asia La Niña is brought about by the pushing of the warm waters west by the Easterly Trade winds in the Central Pacific and Eastern Tropical Pacific Coast. As this happens, the cooler waters underneath is pushed to the top causing a decrease of temperature in sea surface temperature (3-5 degrees Celsius). This decrease in sea surface temperature brings more rains in the southeastern parts of the world like the Philippines, Indonesia and Malaysia. Usually, La Niña occurs every 2-7 years and sometimes follows an El Nido event. Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 28 Did you know? While increase rainfall is thought to affect severely the fishing industry, the opposite happens in Peru. Due to changes in temperature, the Peruvian seawaters near its coasts become warmer, plus the winds bring a lot of fish food, attracting variety of fishes to the sea surface. This results to a very lucrative fishing industry during these conditions. 9 What are some Some of the impacts Araling S9ES-IIIE- impacts of of climate change are Panlipunan 31, LIS, LCS climate change to the following: people and animals? Stronger typhoons that may lead to loss of lives; Disruption of economic activities; Deterioration of health; Teachers Guide, LRM on Climate Change Page 29 Extinction of some animals; and, Destruction of agricultural crops. Araling Panlipunan (Ekonomiks
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