Using Microsoft Project 98 to Assist in Managing Information Technology (IT) Projects

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Using Microsoft Project 98 to Assist in Managing Information Technology (IT) Projects. Kathy Schwalbe, Ph.D., PMP Associate Professor, Business/MIS Augsburg College, Minneapolis, MN Presented 3/26/99 at CTI Conference [email protected]/* */ www.augsburg.edu/ppages/schwalbe.
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Using Microsoft Project 98 to Assist in Managing Information Technology (IT) Projects Kathy Schwalbe, Ph.D., PMP Associate Professor, Business/MIS Augsburg College, Minneapolis, MN Presented 3/26/99 at CTI Conference [email protected]/* */ www.augsburg.edu/ppages/schwalbe Overview of Presentation Technology (IT) Projects
  • Audience background and interest in this topic
  • Personal background on IT projects and using Microsoft Project
  • Introduction to project management
  • Overview of Project 98
  • Step-by-step example using Project 98
  • Where to get sample files
  • Introduction to Project Management (PM) Technology (IT) Projects
  • Project management is “the application of knowledge, skills, tools, and techniques to project activities in order to meet or exceed stakeholder needs and expectations from a project” (PMI*, PM Body of Knowledge (PMBOK), 1996, p. 6)
  • *The Project Management Institute (PMI) is an international professional society. Their web site is www.pmi.org Project Management Framework Technology (IT) Projects 9 Knowledge Areas CoreFunctions Scope Mgt. Time Mgt. Cost Mgt. Quality Mgt. Tools and techniques Project Success Project Management Integration Stakeholder needs and expectations HR Mgt. Comm. Mgt. Risk Mgt. Procure. Mgt. Facilitating Functions IT Projects Have a Terrible Track Record Technology (IT) Projects
  • Project “success” is often defined as meeting project scope on time and within budget
  • The Standish Group’s famous “CHAOS” reports* document the horrible IT track record
  • Only 16% of IT projects were successful from 1995 CHAOS survey (up to 26% in 1998 study)
  • 31% of IT projects were cancelled in 1995, costing the U.S. over $81 billion
  • * 1995 report available at www.standishgroup.com Time, Cost, and Scope Problems of IT Projects* Technology (IT) Projects
  • Average schedule overrun for IT projects was 222%
  • Average cost overrun was 189%
  • Large companies’ IT projects have 42% of the originally-proposed features and functions
  • * 1995 report available at www.standishgroup.com Project Management Can Help Technology (IT) ProjectsImprove Success If Used Well
  • Positive leadership is the most significant factor associated with successful project managers
  • Using software is just one tool of project management. You must understand several PM concepts before using PM software
  • Benefits of Using PM Software Technology (IT) Projects
  • Software alone can not improve projects, but it can help
  • define and manage the scope of projects
  • create and manage project schedules
  • manage resources and costs
  • facilitate communications
  • Key PM Concepts Needed Before Using Project 98 Technology (IT) Projects
  • A Work Breakdown Structure (WBS) is an outcome-oriented structure that defines the total scope of the project
  • A Gantt chart is a tool for communicating project schedules using a calendar format
  • More Key PM Concepts Technology (IT) Projects
  • A network diagram (also referred to as a PERT chart) shows the sequence in which tasks must be performed
  • A critical path is the longest path through a network diagram that determines the earliest completion of a project. It has no slack time
  • A baseline is a project plan that serves as the basis for measuring performance
  • WBS for Intranet Project in Chart Form Technology (IT) Projects Sample Intranet WBS and Gantt Chart* Technology (IT) Projects WBS Gantt Chart *This template file comes with Project 98 WBS and Gantt Chart for Software Launch* Technology (IT) Projects WBS Gantt Chart *This template file comes with Project 98. Sample Network Diagram or PERT Chart Technology (IT) Projects Each box is a project task from the WBS. Arrows show dependencies between tasks The tasks in red are on the critical path. If any of them take longer than planned, the whole project will slip unless something is done. Overview of Microsoft Project 98 Technology (IT) Projects
  • Project 98 is the clear leader in the desktop market for PM software
  • The Gartner Group estimates it accounts for 2/3 of sales
  • A recent survey of 1,000 PMs found it was used by 48% of the respondents. Next listed tool only used by 13.8% of respondents*
  • PC Magazine gave it the Editor’s Choice award in 6/30/98 issue
  • *Fox, Terry L. and Spence, J. Wayne, "Tools of the Trade: A Survey of Project Management Tools," Project Management Journal, September 1998 Common Errors in Using Project 98 or other PM Software Technology (IT) Projects People do not understand
  • what a WBS is, and they are hard to create
  • the need to link tasks or know what a critical path is
  • the need to set a baseline in order to track progress
  • that Project 98 is a powerful and complicated tool, and training is needed
  • Step-By-Step Example Using Project 98 Technology (IT) Projects
  • First I’ll show help information and basics about the software
  • Then I’ll create a new file for a project to create a project tracking database
  • Where to Get Sample Files Technology (IT) Projects
  • Microsoft Project 98 comes with sample files that should be loaded in Program Files/Microsoft Office, Templates, Microsoft Project. The Intranet and Software Launch files are sample files
  • Several vendors provide sample files, and many companies keep a repository of files
  • Microsoft provides links to Y2K and IT template files (next slide)
  • www.microsoft.com/products/msoffice/project/download/template.htmwww.microsoft.com/products/msoffice/project/download/template.htm
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