West Nile Virus

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West Nile Virus. By Breanne Oscars & Cara Weese. Symptoms. 80% - show no symptoms <20% - develop West Nile Fever <1% - develop West Nile Encephalitis, Meningitis, & Poliomyelitis. People at higher risk for Contracting West Nile. * People over 50 years of age *Immunosuppressed Patients.
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West Nile Virus By Breanne Oscars & Cara Weese Symptoms
  • 80% - show no symptoms
  • <20% - develop West Nile Fever
  • <1% - develop West Nile Encephalitis, Meningitis, & Poliomyelitis
  • People at higher risk for Contracting West Nile
  • * People over 50 years of age
  • *Immunosuppressed Patients
  • Serious Cases of West Nile
  • Encephalitis- Inflammation of the brain (http://www.answers.com/topic/encephalitis?method=8)
  • Meningitis- Inflammation of the meninges of the brain and the spinal cord (http://www.answers.com/meningitis)
  • Poliomyelitis- refers to an inflammation of the spinal cord (http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod.dvbid/westnile/qa/symptoms.htm)
  • TRANSMISSION DIAGNOSIS
  • *IgM Antibodies are tested for in blood or CSF
  • *PRNT (Plaque Reduction Neutralization Test) may need to be done to Confirm WNV.
  • A week or longer is needed to give PRNT results.
  • PRNT results are always needed in order for CDC to considers it a human WNV
  • TREATMENT
  • Mild Case-
  • Alleviate symptoms
  • Severe Case-
  • Hospitalization
  • IV Fluids
  • Respiratory Support
  • Prevention of further infection
  • PREVENTION
  • Apply DEET repellent to skin and clothing
  • Long Sleeved clothing
  • Remove breeding grounds
  • No vaccine for humans
  • January 1st – November 1st2005
  • Cases reported this year: 2581
  • West Nile Fever: 1053 (41%)
  • Meningitis or Encephalitis: 1363 (53%)
  • Deaths: 83 (3%)
  • Not all cases are reported
  • Asymptomatic patients are not included in the data http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dvbid/westnile/surv&controlCaseCount05_detailed.htm
  • Dealing with Dead Birds
  • Remove Bird Safely and Cautiously
  • CONTACT A PUBLIC HEALTH OFFICIAL IF A DEAD BIRD IS DISCOVERED IN YOUR AREA
  • Related Search
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